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It is attributed to Fernando de Rojas, a descendant of converted Jews, who practiced law and, later in life, served as an alderman of Talavera de la Reina, an important commercial center near Toledo. The book is considered to be one of the greatest works of all Spanish literature, and traditionally marks the end of medieval literature and the beginning of the literary renaissance in Spain. Although usually regarded as a novel, it is written as a continuous series of dialogues and can be taken as a play, having been staged as such and filmed.

The story tells of a bachelor, Calisto, who uses the old procuress Celestina to start an affair with Melibea, an unmarried girl kept in seclusion by her parents. Though the two use the rhetoric of courtly love, sex - not marriage - is their aim. When he dies in an accident, she commits suicide.

La Celestina (Spanish Edition)

The name Celestina has become synonymous with procuress, especially an older woman used to further an illicit affair, and is a literary archetype of this character, the masculine counterpart being Pandarus. Get a free audiobook La Celestina Spanish Edition. Although usually regarded as a novel, it is written as a continuous series of dialogues and can be taken as a play, having been staged as such and filmed. The story tells of a bachelor, Calisto, who uses the old procuress Celestina to start an affair with Melibea, an unmarried girl kept in seclusion by her parents.

Though the two use the rhetoric of courtly love , sex — not marriage — is their aim.

La Celestina (Spanish Edition) Audiobook | Fernando de Rojas | oxivecakyhub.ga

When he dies in an accident, she commits suicide. The name Celestina [2] has become synonymous with "procuress" in Spanish, especially an older woman used to further an illicit affair, and is a literary archetype of this character , the masculine counterpart being Pandarus. While chasing his falcon through the fields, a rich young bachelor named Calisto enters a garden where he meets Melibea, the daughter of the house, and is immediately taken with her. Unable to see her again privately, he broods until his servant Sempronio suggests using the old procuress Celestina.

When Calisto agrees, Sempronio plots with Celestina to make as much money out of his master as they can.

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She rewards him with Elicia. As a seller of feminine knick-knacks and quack medicines, Celestina is permitted entrance into the home of Alisa and Melibea by pretending to sell thread. Upon being left alone with Melibea, Celestina tells her of a man in pain who could be cured by the touch of her girdle. But the crafty Celestina manages to get the girdle off her and to fix another meeting. On her second visit, Celestina persuades the now willing Melibea to a rendezvous with Calisto.

Upon hearing of the meeting set by Celestina, Calisto rewards the procuress with a valuable gold chain. She tries to cheat them and in rage they kill her in front of Elicia. Calisto returns to the garden for another night with Melibea; while hastily leaving because of a ruckus he heard in the street, he falls from the ladder used to scale the high garden wall and is killed.

After confessing to her father the recent events of her love affair and Calisto's death, Melibea jumps from the tower of the house and dies too. La Celestina was written during the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, whose marriage took place in and lasted until , the year of Isabella's death, which occupies the last phase of the Pre-Renaissance for Spain.

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Three major events in the history of Spain took place during the union of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon in These events were the discovery of the Americas , the conquest of Granada and the expulsion of the Jews. Thus, began the transition between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

It is precisely in the s when the first editions of Comedy of Calisto and Melibea began to appear. The unification of all the territories of the Iberian peninsula , except Portugal and the Kingdom of Navarre , under one king and one religion, Catholic Christianity, took place in this period. Society was suspicious of converts, such as Christians who had been Jews before or had Jewish ancestry, and those who had to hide their conditions. Finally, those of other religions were expelled from the kingdom and the Inquisition would enforce orthodoxy among those who professed the Catholic faith.

There are two versions of the play.


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  • One is called a Comedy and has 16 acts; the other is considered a Tragic Comedy and has 21 acts. Although most scholars admit that an earlier version by an unknown author already existed, the first known edition is credited to be the Comedy published in Burgos by printer Fadrique Aleman in with the title Comedia de Calisto y Melibea Comedy of Calisto and Melibea.

    La Celestina

    On its first page it states: Some scholars wish to explain this discrepancy about the date, considering the version published in in Toledo to be the first edition; however, there is no positive proof of this, and there are some contradictions:. Jacobo Cromberger appeared in This version contained 5 additional acts, bringing the total to This version contained those 5 additional acts, with the total of In a version was published in Toledo that included an extra act called the Acto de Traso, named after one of the characters who appears in that act.

    It became Act XIX of the work, bring the total number of acts to According to the edition of the play edited by M. Criado de Val and G. Rojas makes a powerful impression with his characters, who appear before the reader full of life and psychological depth; they are human beings with an exceptional indirect characterization , which moves away from the usual archetypes of medieval literature. Some critics see them as allegories. The literary critic Stephen Gilman [4] has come to deny the possibility of analyzing them as characters, based on the belief that Rojas limited dialogue in which interlocutors respond to a given situation, so that the sociological depth can thus be argued only on extratextual elements.