We must engage with the new leaderships and work together on building solid foundations for democracy and inclusive growth. We could find that the Arab Spring turns into an Iranian winter. Relying on both realpolitik and strategic assessments, Israeli analysts pointed out that the Arab Awakening would lead to the rise of Islamist political parties hostile to Israel, and to the weakening of the pragmatists the useful autocrat, in other words.
This perception was especially strong before the ousting and downfall of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, in July There was also the fear that Islamist parties would translate their anti-Israeli posture into foreign policy. For instance, the new elected government in Tunisia invited Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh in January , though no cooperation steps were taken at the political level after the meeting.
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Yet the concern about the growing role of Islamist parties and the mostly pro-status quo attitude explain why, at the beginning of the Egyptian revolution, Israel hoped that the Mubarak regime would weather the storm and survive. Ariel Sharon claimed that having a democratic Syria at its borders could imply the need to seriously negotiate on the Golan. Yet, within the Israeli government, the Palestinian issue is not at the forefront of the domestic agenda and security debate, which currently prioritize the Iranian nuclear threat and the northern and southern fronts with Syria and Egypt.
There is a sense in the EU that as long as the post Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories persists, a normalization of relations between Arab societies and Israel cannot take place. Thus, according to some European voices, the Arab awakening should trigger a change in Israeli priorities. As a matter of fact, much more space was devoted from onwards to the Arab states concerned by the Arab Awakening in the declarations of the EU Council of Foreign affairs.
Overall, however, looking at the European and Israeli narratives on the democratic potential and impact of the Arab Awakening, it appears clear that there was a clash in perceptions between the EU and Israel. This gap narrowed as the events unfolded but remained significant. A deeper understanding of the different European and Israeli interests, especially defined in security terms, will help understanding this divergence.
This disparity in framing can in turn be explained by analyzing the different geo-strategic position and security interests of Israeli and European counterparts: Simply put, the stakes are much higher for Israel: In this context, Israel feared that regional instability would rock the already fragile equilibrium.
Understandably, these fears were further heightened in August and again August , following two high-profile terrorist attacks originating within Sinai.
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Israel interpreted the rise of political Islam as a problematic development, expecting increased ideological rigidity, reluctance to deal with Israel, and a rise in anti-Israel feelings across the region. The growing power of the Muslim Brotherhood was initially met with a great deal of reluctance, fearing for the stability of the peace treaty as well as anticipating the rise of a Hamas-Ikhwan alliance which would embolden the Islamic party in Gaza.
In the end, although neither of these fears proved well-founded, still the Egyptian government under now-former President Morsi did invest in making the peace between Egypt and Israel even colder, de facto freezing all relations other than in the field of security and intelligence cooperation. The Israeli government has been worried about instability and state weakness, fearing the collapse of the Syrian state and the potential creation of a power vacuum next to the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights.
This scenario is especially worrisome given the increasing number of foreign jihadists involved in the Syrian civil war. Overall, Member States proved to be better armed to tackle shifting political dynamics in the region from a hard power perspective, whereas, from a soft power one, EU common tools could turn out to be especially useful in the long run. She had to resign at the end of February This first reaction helps to better understand French military interventionism in Libya, together with the United Kingdom.
Debunking Israel's imagined 'Christian awakening'
President Nicolas Sarkozy rushed into urging Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, the Libyan leader, to resign and face trial before the International Criminal Court. It is also worth noting that the unity of purpose between the United Kingdom and France was facilitated by a preceding military rapprochement and by the fact that, contrary to the Iraqi case, the American factor was not here a source of divergence.
Yet, the growing divisions within the opposition and the steady rise of pro-Al-Qaeda factions within the anti-Assad ranks raised fears that the weapons provided to fight Assad would fall into the wrong hands. As questions were raised about the intelligence underpinning the strike, the Prime Minister conceded: In fact, the EU also permitted the Member States to overcome their disagreements by adopting common sanctions against different Arab regimes and by providing strong economic and political baking to protestors.
In the case of Syria there is a much longer list of sanctions, which somehow reflects the divisions among Member States about a potential intervention on the ground: For instance, in the case of Egypt, as soon as the 4th of February More market access, more mobility, more money. Yet, it is worth noting that the EU democracy assistance resources still have remained a drop in the ocean compared with the US budget. But, in the aftermath of the overthrow of the Egyptian government in July by the Egyptian army, no other meetings have been foreseen.
This exemplifies the difficulty for the EU to live up to its commitments in this unpredictable political context.
In the words of Foreign Ministry Avigdor Liberman: Overwhelmingly, Palestinian citizens of Israel — both Christian and Muslim — are choosing to support Palestinian equality. Today, my father, like many other Palestinian citizens, struggles within Israel to secure equal rights from the state that, following the war which we call the Nakba or catastrophe, forced him into an orphanage as a child and his mother and brother into Lebanon as refugees. The writer, is a Palestinian citizen of Israel , living in New York and working as an assistant professor of communication sciences and disorders at Adelphi University.
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The EU, Israel and the Arab Awakening
This prophetic book helps readers appreciate the history of Israel, understand the relationship between the Church and Israel, realize the power of prayer, and heed God's call to action. Both practical and inspiring, The Coming Israel Awakening will stir readers to take their places as intercessors for such a time as this. Read more Read less. Add both to Cart Add both to List. These items are shipped from and sold by different sellers.
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Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. This is a must read for Christians - if only the entire church would embrace the facts contained in this book in regard to Israel.. There is no replacement - God chose the Jewish people for His own reasons and this book is beautifully written..
- Debunking Israel's imagined 'Christian awakening' - Opinion - Jerusalem Post.
Great book on the coming merging of the Church and Jews!! Absolutely one of the best books on Israel that I've ever read. There are books, and then, there are books.