In fact, the Dark Energy is God itself, and the universe is expanding in accordance with the intention of God. Keeping the expansion seems to mean the Aum Universe is still in the growth stage. The science on the earth faced the unknown Dark Energy after coming in the 21st century. The Dark Energy is surely a kind of energy; however it has totally different character of energy than that we are familiar with so far. Although we cannot grasp it well, it is said to exist clearly in all over the universe.
Physicians in the world do not know what to do for it. However, if the God created everything in the universe out of nothing, the Dark Energy itself is the ultimate root of all the things. If it had not been for the Dark Energy, our existence itself would have not existed. I believe that people shall accept the fact sooner or later. In the universe created by God, elementary particle is the smallest particle when we decompose visible substance to the end.
The 20th century is the age in which people believed they discovered everything by the discovery of elementary particle. Einstein's discovery, a quantity of energy is equivalent to a quantity of mass. After that, it was discovered that unknown energy existed in the universe far more than the substance which can be explained by elementary particle. That is the scientific starting point of the 21st century. This means science encountered God, although scientists could not perceive it. I think that we were born in a very exciting age.
A Natural Disaster - Overcoming the time of the final purification.
- Ami, Child of the Stars.
- Discorso intorno alle cose che stanno in su lacqua o che in quella si muovono di Galileo Galilei (Italian Edition).
- Preventing and controlling infectious diseases after natural disasters - United Nations University.
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Recent disasters have shown that even the most developed countries are vulnerable to natural disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in the United States in and the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake and tsunami in Global population growth, poverty, land shortages and urbanization in many countries have increased the number of people living in areas prone to natural disasters and multiplied the public health impacts.
Natural disasters can be split in three categories: Hydro-meteorological disasters, like floods, are the most common 40 percent natural disasters worldwide and are widely documented.
The public health consequences of flooding are disease outbreaks mostly resulting from the displacement of people into overcrowded camps and cross-contamination of water sources with faecal material and toxic chemicals. Flooding also is usually followed by the proliferation of mosquitoes, resulting in an upsurgence of mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria.
Documentation of disease outbreaks and the public health after-effects of tropical cyclones hurricanes and typhoons and tornadoes, however, is lacking. Geophysical disasters are the second-most reported type of natural disaster, and earthquakes are the majority of disasters in this category.
Outbreaks of infectious diseases may be reported when earthquake disasters result in substantial population displacement into unplanned and overcrowded shelters, with limited access to food and safe water. Tsunamis are commonly associated with earthquakes, but can also be caused by powerful volcanic eruptions or underwater landslides. Although classified as geophysical disasters, they have a similar clinical and threat profile water-related consequences to that of tropical cyclones e.
Geomorphologic disasters, such as avalanches and landslides, also are associated with infectious disease transmissions and outbreaks, but documentation is generally lacking. The overwhelming majority of deaths immediately after a natural disaster are directly associated with blunt trauma, crush-related injuries and burn injuries.
The risk of infectious disease outbreaks in the aftermath of natural disasters has usually been overemphasized by health officials and the media, leading to panic, confusion and sometimes to unnecessary public health activities. The risk factors for increased infectious diseases transmission and outbreaks are mainly associated with the after-effects of the disasters rather than to the primary disaster itself or to the corpses of those killed.
These after-effects include displacement of populations internally displaced persons and refugees , environmental changes and increased vector breeding sites. Unplanned and overcrowded shelters, poor water and sanitation conditions, poor nutritional status or insufficient personal hygiene are often the case.
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Consequently, there are low levels of immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases, or insufficient vaccination coverage and limited access to health care services. Infectious disease transmission or outbreaks may be seen days, weeks or even months after the onset of the disaster.
Three clinical phases of natural disasters summarize the chronological public health effects on injured people and survivors:. It is common to see the international community, NGOs, volunteers, experts and the media leaving a disaster-affected zone usually within three months, when in reality basic sanitation facilities and access to basic hygiene may still be unavailable or worsen due to the economic burden of the disasters.
The most documented and commonly occurring diseases are water-borne diseases diarrhoeal diseases and Leptospirosis. Diarrhoeal diseases cause over 40 percent of the deaths in disaster and refugee camp settings.
Epidemics among victims are commonly related to polluted water sources faecal contamination , or contamination of water during transportation and storage. Outbreaks have also been related to shared water containers and cooking pots, scarcity of soap and contaminated food, as well as pre-existing poor sanitary infrastructures, water supply and sewerage systems.
Diarrhoeal epidemics are frequently reported following natural disasters in developing countries.
Floods are recurrent in many African countries, such as Mozambique, and usually lead to a significant increase in diarrhoeal disease incidences. A rapid assessment conducted in Indonesia after the tsunami showed that 85 percent of the survivors in the town of Calang experienced diarrhoeal illness after drinking from contaminated wells.
In Thailand, the Indian tsunami also contributed to a significant increase in diarrhoeal disease incidences.