Franco Moretti "argues that the main conflict in the Bildungsroman is the myth of modernity with its overvaluation of youth and progress as it clashes with the static teleological vision of happiness and reconciliation found in the endings of Goethe 's Wilhelm Meister and even Jane Austen 's Pride and Prejudice ". There are many variations and subgenres of Bildungsroman that focus on the growth of an individual.
An Entwicklungsroman "development novel" is a story of general growth rather than self-cultivation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Lawrence  Of Human Bondage , by W. Cronin The Catcher in the Rye by J. He also points out that it was, like the "novel of education" Erziehungsroman , a subgenre of the "novel of development" Entwicklungsroman. Munin open research archive. The German Bildungsroman from Wieland to Hesse. Princeton University Press, British Literature and Culture in the s , pp. The Facts on File companion to the American short story.
Retrieved 12 July Fifty major thinkers on education: Retrieved 24 November Margaret Atwood and the Female Bildungsroman. The two early English Bildungsromane already mentioned, Tom Jones and The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy , are examples of coming-of-age narratives that predate the generic expectations of the German tradition. Utter Detachment, Utter Truth".
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Retrieved 9 June Dostoevsky His Life and Work. Retrieved 21 April Formalism and the Novel: Encyclopedia of Literature and Criticism. American Fiction Series, Revised Edition". This side of paradise as a Bildungsroman. The Novel and Society in India. Retrieved 19 March Myth, Memory and Indigenous Australia. Reading American Popular Culture". Journal of American Studies: Retrieved 10 June Archived from the original on 3 May On Having a Girl, and Losing Her".
My Words Echo Thus: Possessing the Past in Peter Ackroyd. University of South Carolina Press. Faulkner and Else had an affair that lasted until the end of At the banquet where they met in , publisher Tor Bonnier introduced Else as the widow of the man responsible for Faulkner's winning the prize. On June 17, , Faulkner suffered a serious injury in a fall from his horse, which led to thrombosis.
He suffered a fatal heart attack on July 6, , at the age of 64, at Wright's Sanatorium in Byhalia, Mississippi. Peter's Cemetery in Oxford, alongside the grave of an unidentified family friend, whose stone is marked only with the initials "E. From the early s to the outbreak of World War II, Faulkner published 13 novels and many short stories. Such a body of work formed the basis of his reputation and earned him the Nobel Prize at age Faulkner was also a prolific writer of short stories. His first short story collection, These 13 , includes many of his most acclaimed and most frequently anthologized stories, including " A Rose for Emily ", " Red Leaves ", " That Evening Sun ", and " Dry September ".
Yoknapatawpha was Faulkner's "postage stamp", and the bulk of work that it represents is widely considered by critics to amount to one of the most monumental fictional creations in the history of literature. Three of his novels, The Hamlet , The Town and The Mansion , known collectively as the Snopes Trilogy, document the town of Jefferson and its environs, as an extended family headed by Flem Snopes insinuates itself into the lives and psyches of the general populace.
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His short story "A Rose for Emily" was his first story published in a major magazine, the Forum , but received little attention from the public. After revisions and reissues, it gained popularity and is now considered one of his best. Faulkner was known for his experimental style with meticulous attention to diction and cadence. In contrast to the minimalist understatement of his contemporary Ernest Hemingway , Faulkner made frequent use of " stream of consciousness " in his writing, and wrote often highly emotional, subtle, cerebral, complex, and sometimes Gothic or grotesque stories of a wide variety of characters including former slaves or descendants of slaves, poor white, agrarian, or working-class Southerners, and Southern aristocrats.
In an interview with The Paris Review in , Faulkner remarked:.
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Let the writer take up surgery or bricklaying if he is interested in technique. There is no mechanical way to get the writing done, no shortcut. The young writer would be a fool to follow a theory. Teach yourself by your own mistakes; people learn only by error. The good artist believes that nobody is good enough to give him advice.
He has supreme vanity. No matter how much he admires the old writer, he wants to beat him. Another esteemed Southern writer, Flannery O'Connor , stated that "the presence alone of Faulkner in our midst makes a great difference in what the writer can and cannot permit himself to do. Nobody wants his mule and wagon stalled on the same track the Dixie Limited is roaring down".
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Faulkner wrote two volumes of poetry which were published in small printings, The Marble Faun ,  and A Green Bough , and a collection of mystery stories, Knight's Gambit Since then, critics have looked at Faulkner's work using other approaches, such as feminist and psychoanalytic methods. Faulkner was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for "his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel".
His aversion was so great that his year-old daughter learned of the Nobel Prize only when she was called to the principal's office during the school day. Faulkner was awarded two Pulitzer Prizes for what are considered "minor" novels: The jury had selected Milton Lott 's The Last Hunt for the prize, but Pulitzer Prize Administrator Professor John Hohenberg convinced the Pulitzer board that Faulkner was long overdue for the award, despite A Fable being a lesser work of his, and the board overrode the jury's selection, much to the disgust of its members.
As long as I live under the capitalistic system, I expect to have my life influenced by the demands of moneyed people.
But I will be damned if I propose to be at the beck and call of every itinerant scoundrel who has two cents to invest in a postage stamp. This, sir, is my resignation.
The manuscripts of most of Faulkner's works, correspondence, personal papers, and over books from his working library reside at the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia , where he spent much of his time in his final years. The library also houses some of the writer's personal effects and the papers of major Faulkner associates and scholars, such as his biographer Joseph Blotner, bibliographer Linton Massey, and Random House editor Albert Erskine. Southeast Missouri State University , where the Center for Faulkner Studies is located, also owns a generous collection of Faulkner materials, including first editions, manuscripts, letters, photographs, artwork, and many materials pertaining to Faulkner's time in Hollywood.
The university possesses many personal files and letters kept by Joseph Blotner, along with books and letters that once belonged to Malcolm Cowley, another famous editor for William Faulkner. The university achieved the collection due to a generous donation by Louis Daniel Brodsky, a collector of Faulkner materials, in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see William Faulkner disambiguation.
For other uses, see Faulkner disambiguation. Faulkner in photographed by Carl Van Vechten. William Faulkner — , OleMiss. William Faulkner, His Life and Work. Retrieved September 26, University of Texas Press. Retrieved September 27, William Faulkner , New York: The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature. The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature: Conferences at the University of Virginia, — The University of Mississippi.
Retrieved May 9, A William Faulkner encyclopedia. Retrieved 11 August Archived from the original on August 5, Retrieved August 31, Meta Wilde, 86, Faulkner's Lover". Retrieved February 23, Archived from the original on July 21, Six Decades of Criticism. Faulkner and the Southern Renaissance. An Interview with Valerie Miles".
Retrieved April 16, Retrieved July 25, Archived from the original on August 31, In Bloom, Harold ed. William Faulkner, Bloom's BioCritiques. With essays by Neil Baldwin and Harold Augenbraum from the Awards and year anniversary publications. With acceptance speech by Faulkner and essays by Neil Baldwin and Harold Augenbraum from the Awards and year anniversary publications. Archived from the original on February 21, Novels — Joseph Blotner and Noel Polk, ed. Novels — Joseph Blotner and Noel Polk, eds. Novels — Noel Polk, ed.
Malcolm Cowley Viking Press, Random House , Fowler, Doreen, Abadie, Ann. Faulkner and Popular Culture: A Kind of Keystone in the Universe.