And when William died without an heir in November , Joanna became a pawn in the race for the succession. He claimed the throne and, in need of money, imprisoned Joanna and stole her dowry and the treasures left to her by her husband. Having gained the English throne in Richard I — the Lionheart — had wasted no time in organising the Third Crusade and arrived at Messina in Sicily in September Richard was having none of it and moved Joanna to the Priory of Bagnara on the mainland, out of sight and hopefully out of mind.
He was also waiting for his bride, Berengaria of Navarre, to catch up with him. Unable to marry in the Lenten season, Richard sent Joanna and Berengaria on ahead of the main army, and departed Sicily for the Holy Land. After several ships were crippled and then plundered by the islanders, the ruler of Cyprus, Isaac Comnenus, tried to lure Joanna and Berengaria ashore. Richard came to the rescue, reduced Cyprus in 3 weeks and clamped Comnenus in chains silver ones apparently. Lent being over, Richard and Berengaria were married, with great pomp and celebration, before the whole party continued their journey to the Holy Land, arriving at Acre in June However, although he re-took Acre and Jaffa, Richard fell out with his allies and was left without a force strong enough to take Jerusalem.
Richard, however, never made it; falling into the hands of Duke Leopold of Austria, he was handed over to his enemy, the Holy Roman Emperor. With Richard imprisoned, Berengaria and Joanna arrived back in Poitiers. And he now repudiated wife number 3, confining her to a convent, in order to marry Joanna. Despite such a colourful history, the wedding went ahead and Joanna and Raymond were married in Rouen in October , with Queen Berengaria in attendance. Although not a happy marriage Joanna gave birth to a son, Raymond, in around and a daughter, possibly called Mary, in Little is known of Mary, and it is possible she died in infancy.
She laid siege to a rebel stronghold at Cassee. A pregant Joanna was then trying to make her way to her brother Richard when she heard of his death. She diverted course and finally reached her mother at Niort. Hurt, distressed and pregnant, Eleanor sent her to Fontevraud to be looked after by the nuns. With no allowance from her husband, Joanna returned to her mother and brother — King John — in Rouen in June , pleading poverty; Eleanor managed to persuade John to give his sister an annual pension of marks.
Too ill to travel and heavily pregnant, she remained at Rouen. In September, King John gave her a lump sum of 3, marks, to dispose of in her will; she specifically mentioned a legacy towards the cost of a new kitchen at Fontevraud and asked Eleanor to dispose of the remainder in charitable works for the religious and the poor.
Knowing she was dying, Joanna became desperate to be veiled as a nun at Fontevraud; a request normally denied to married women — especially when they were in the late stages of pregnancy. However, seeing how desperate her daughter was, Eleanor sent for Matilda, the Abbess of Fontevraud but, fearing the Abbess would arrive too late, she also asked Hubert Walter, the Archbishop of Canterbury, to intervene.
Joanna was too weak to stand and died shortly after the ceremony; her son, Richard, was born a few minutes later and lived only long enough to be baptised. She died a month short of her 34th birthday. Joanna and her baby son were interred together at Fontevraud, the funeral cortege having been escorted there by Eleanor of Aquitaine and King John. She took her first sea-voyage across the English Channel at just 2 months old with her mother and older brother, Henry, to join her father in Anjou; before travelling to Aquitaine in October. Throughout her childhood, Matilda is often seen accompanying her mother throughout the vast Angevin domains.
She and Henry would be joined in the nursery by 3 younger brothers — Richard, Geoffrey and John — and 2 younger sisters — Eleanor and Joan — who survived into adulthood. The money was raised by taxes specifically levied for the occasion.
The marriage appears to have been successful and produced 10 children, although the fates of some seem to be in question, and several did not survive childhood. Henry, it seems, had grown very powerful in his own domains and Barbarossa, after the quarrel, deprived him of his fiefs and sent the Duke of Saxony and Bavaria into exile for 7 years. Henry, Matilda and their children left Germany and sought refuge at the Angevin court in Autumn Matilda was heavily pregnant and remained with her father whilst her husband left on pilgrimage to Compostela.
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Matilda and her family spent in the Angevin lands on the Continent; a pregnant Matilda accompanied her father to England in , where she gave birth to her son, William, at Winchester in mid-June. Although she was still in the custody of guards, Eleanor was allowed to reside with Matilda at various locations in England, including Windsor and Berkhamsted. When Eleanor was allowed to cross the Channel to take possession of the Vexin Castles, Matilda accompanied her. In early , having asked the Pope to intervene with the Emperor, Henry II finally secured agreement for his son-in-law to return to his German domains; although Henry would not be restored to Imperial favour until , when he made peace with the new Holy Roman Emperor, Henry VI.
Henry the Lion would be exiled from Germany again, when Frederick Barbarossa left on Crusade, but this time, Matilda remained to oversee their German domains. Matilda died at Brunswick on 28th June and was buried there, in the Cathedral of St Blasius, of which she was co-foundress. On her marriage, she became Countess of Huntingdon and Countess of Northumbria. The marriage produced 3 sons and 3 daughters. Born in , Malcolm succeeded to the crown at the age of 11 as Malcolm IV. Also known as Malcolm the Maiden, he died, unmarried, at Jedburgh in December Ada had been trying to arrange a suitable bride for him when he died.
William was one of the longest reigning king of Scots in history, ruling for 49 years. William and Ermengarde had 2 daughters and a son, who succeeded his father as Alexander II in She had 4 sons and 4 daughters before the count died at Antioch while on the 3rd Crusade, in A generous patroness of the Church, Ada de Warenne died in , shortly after founding the nunnery at Haddington She is believed to be buried in the Haddington area, although the exact location of her grave is lost to history.
Fair Rosamund or The Days of King Henry II: an historical romance V1
In her grandson, the future Alexander II, would be born in her old palace at Haddington, after her dower-lands were passed on to Queen Ermengarde. Early Yorkshire Charters Volume 8: The illegitimate son of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, Hamelin was born sometime around His mother was, possibly, Adelaide of Angers, though this is by no means certain.
Hamelin was incredibly loyal to Henry and his marriage to an heiress was reward for his support, whilst at the same time giving him position and influence within England. Hamelin became Earl of Surrey by right of his wife, though was more habitually called Earl de Warenne. He was an influential and active member of the English barony.
Away from court, Hamelin appears to have been an avid builder; he built a cylindrical keep at his manor of Mortemer in Normandy. He then constructed a larger and improved version, using all the latest techniques of castle design, at his manor of. Hamelin and Isabel had four surviving children. Ela married twice, firstly to a Robert de Newburn, of whom nothing else is known, and secondly to William Fitzwilliam of Sprotborough, a village just a few miles from Conisbrough.
Isabel was married, firstly, to Robert de Lascy, who died in , and secondly, no later than the spring of , to Gilbert de Laigle, Lord of Pevensey. Matilda, or Maud, married Henry, Count of Eu, who died around Hamelin spent a lot of time and money on Conisbrough Castle , which took almost 10 years to complete, and it appears to have been a favourite family residence. Hamelin died on 7th May and was buried in the chapter house at Lewes Priory, in Sussex; Isabel died the following year and was buried alongside him. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page.
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This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Oct 26, Paula rated it really liked it. Rosamund Clifford was reputedly one of the great beauties of the 12th century and inspired ballads, poems, stories and paintings. Historians are divided over whether or not Rosamund's relationship with the king produced children. Legend has falsely attributed to Rosamund another of Henry's illegitimate sons: Geoffrey Plantagenet, Archbishop of York — Her maternity in this case was only claimed centuries later.
Geoffrey was apparently born before Henry and Rosamund met and is presumed to be the son of another otherwise unknown mistress. Rosamund's story first appears in 14th century French Chronicle of London , which purports to recount the confrontation with Queen Eleanor. In one version, Rosamund improbably is described as having been roasted between two fires, stabbed, and left to bleed to death in a bath of scalding water by the queen. Most medieval chroniclers acknowledged that, by , Eleanor was held in close confinement, having raised her sons in rebellion against their father.
The underground labyrinth was added to the tale in However, Robert Gambles cites a reference to Rosamund's Chamber, with gardens, a cloister, and a well. The cup of poison first appears in a ballad of She is thought to have entered Henry's life around the time that Eleanor was pregnant with her final child, John , who was born on 24 December at Oxford. Indeed, Eleanor is known to have given birth to John at Beaumont Palace rather than at Woodstock because, it is speculated, Eleanor found Rosamund there at Woodstock.
Authorities differ over whether Rosamund stayed quietly in seclusion at Woodstock while Henry went back and forth between England and his continental possessions, or whether she travelled with him as a member of his household. If the former, the two of them could not have spent more than about a quarter of the time between and together; as historian Marion Meade puts it, "For all her subsequent fame, Rosamund must be one of the most neglected concubines in history.