Guide Un pequeño desafío (Miniserie Julia) (Spanish Edition)

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Croatia's accession to the European Union — state of play. Tax relief for microbreweries versus micro cider producers. Negotiation of EU-Canada trade agreement and Canadian liquor boards. Entry ban on two Belarusian civil society activists by Lithuanian authorities. Development of motorways of the sea between the two shores of the Mediterranean. Objective criteria to define motorways of the sea. Cuba — Abolition of exit permits — Sakharov Prize winners. Cuba's abolition of the exit permit — Sakharov Prizes. Vaccination against maternal and neonatal tetanus in developing countries.

Presumed irregularities in the hiring of Ryanair staff. State of implementation of the directive on the welfare of laying hens. Reintroduction of a visa requirement for nationals of the countries of the western Balkans. Sharp increase in the number of people living below the poverty line in Spain. List of Commission Chief Accounting Officers, with dates.

Use of hydraulic fracturing for extracting shale gas in Spain. Centralised publication of grants per programme. Purchase of trains — Region of Tuscany. Interventions to safeguard Sepino and the Italic sanctuary of Pietrabbondante. Crisis in the construction industry in Puglia. The dangers of passive smoking in cars.

The UK's ability to opt back into pre-Lisbon measures once formal notification of the block opt-out has been given. Anti-fraud inquiry and the new tobacco products directive. Necessity and consequences of withdrawing GM crops from the EU. Support for the children of people with mental illnesses. Affordable mixed generation housing models? Baumgartner's jump from the stratosphere.

Another special arrangement for the UK. Biodiversity targets not met — situation in Cyprus. Stassen to the Commission. Solidarity system for football transfers. EU legislative acquis — quantitative assessment. Combating the obsolescence of computers and other devices. India, Australia and the European Union. Online addiction and possible new treatments. Increase in unemployment with a simultaneous decrease in the number of unemployed persons receiving unemployment allowances.

Large road construction projects in Greece. Implementation of the Habitats Directive in the United Kingdom. Integrated therapies for the treatment of child and adolescent mental disorders: Reference Centres for Organic Farming in Italy — between the promotion of organic research and financial disaster: Collective traumatic events repeated over time: Reproductive health and family planning: Financing problem — cost of dismantling nuclear power plants. Undue use of asylum procedures in the Balkans. Extradition procedure against Firat Demirkiran. Ability of the UK to opt back into pre-Lisbon measures once formal notification of the block opt-out has been given.

Establishment of protected feeding zones for necrophagous species. Appropriate action by the Commission to investigate the DePuy scandal and establish responsibility. Cost to citizens and insurance funds of plans to entrust notaries with certification and computerised data registration. Decision to retain visa-free travel for nationals of the Balkan countries. Transparency regarding commodity traders.

Humanitarian situation in Sudan and South Sudan. Imposition of farm prices by major retailers: Tsoukalas to the Commission. Increased financing for the European School Milk Scheme and reduction in national contribution. EU action to safeguard Muslim women from being forced to wear the veil in Turkey. Former Commissioner McCreevy and Spanish banks. Industrial initiatives as past of the SET Plan. Protection of spruce and fir trees from bostrichid beetles. Motorways of the Sea: Renegotiation of Portuguese public debt. Role of the United Nations and its General Assembly.

Detention conditions in the European Union. Solar panels and the People's Republic of China. Investment in and possible new locations for hub airports. Calypso cross-border social tourism programme in Ireland. EU financial support for returning to education. EU action plan on combating violence against women, domestic violence and female genital mutilation.

Treatment of non-Maltese citizens by Maltese authorities. Manning of passenger and ferry services operating between Member States. Incentive measures to favour the mobility of disabled drivers. Proposal for a directive on improving the portability of supplementary pension rights.

Derogation to the marketing ban on animal-tested cosmetics. Airlines found guilty of unfair practices. Problems with resolution of cross-border small claims disputes and application of the existing procedures. Granting EU citizenship in exchange for payment. Neonicotinoid pesticide combinations and the decline in bee populations. Urgent solutions needed for the Erasmus programme. Morocco — human rights violations and ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture. Resignation of Commissioner John Dalli. Investigation into the possible rigging of the Euribor rate.

Violations of fundamental labour rights in Greece according to European Committee of Social Rights ruling. Fee for European Health Insurance Card on fraudulent and unofficial websites. Creation of an EU-OR logo for products from the outermost regions. Adapting the standards of the education and training system in the outermost regions to those of the EU.

Participation of other non-outermost regional institutions in the work of the outermost regions unit of the Directorate-General for Regional Policy. Promotion by the Commission of regional management programmes in the outermost regions. General report on programmes in the outermost regions. Outermost regions and external agreements. The outermost regions as EU ambassadors and their contribution to relations with emerging nations. Restoration of quarries in Lourosa, Santa Maria da Feira.

Environmental rehabilitation of waterways in Santa Maria da Feira. Privatisation of water services — the Commission's response to NGOs. International Day for Disaster Reduction. Compliance by the Commission with the principle of multilingualism Internet. Dealing with State airlines in air transport agreements. Transparency of extractive industries and traceability of minerals. Member States where a property tax is levied on primary residences. Statements by Energy Commissioner Oettinger. Price transparency and comparison for VDSL. Legal status of Travellers not consistent with the European directive on non-discrimination.

Human rights crisis in tribal areas of Pakistan. Approval of the technical surveys is subject to an authorised investment plan, which is also non-existent. Does the Commission consider that the technical survey and investment plan approval procedures for surface clearance authorisation have been circumvented? Does it agree that this is an infringement of Greek and European law?

If so, what measures will it take? A la vista de lo sucedido:. In recent months, hundreds of workers from several companies in the Basque Country have been affected by the bankruptcy of a company based in another EU country, which was responsible for paying part of their pension fund entitlements. These workers had taken out a policy, with an Antwerp insurance company, to complement the ordinary benefits covered by Social Security in Spain.

After several companies were relocated, the workers were left unemployed, or took early retirement and, as well as Social Security benefits, began to receive the income support to which they were entitled from that Belgian company. After the workers had begun to receive these complementary benefits, the Belgian insurance company was taken over by the country's federal authorities. The first consequence of the takeover, which took place at the end of , was that the workers from the Basque companies stopped receiving the income support which had been included in their policy.

After examining the events, the Spanish courts recognised the debts owed to the workers affected. Nevertheless, until now the workers have neither recovered the amounts which are owed to them, nor received a guarantee that payment of additional entitlements corresponding to their contributions will resume.

Does the Commission have any data, claims or complaints relating to this type ofproblem? If so, how many workers are affected and from which Member States? The Commission is aware of the case mentioned by the Honourable Member. Several EU Member States operate Insurance Guarantee Schemes to protect policy holders in the event of an insolvency of an insurance undertaking. At this stage, and notably before further progress in the negotiation on the two legislative proposals, the Commission finds it premature considering a follow-up to the white paper. Bankruptcies are expected as an immediate result of the decision, particularly among small and medium-sized producers in the renewables sector, for whom the level of the charges is unrealistic.

When the charges were proposed there was a strong reaction both from the representatives of business and consumer organisations and from diplomatic representatives in Bulgaria. They called on the Government to intervene immediately. To date, however, the Bulgarian Government has moved neither to abolish the charge nor, indeed, to justify its introduction.

Does the Commission consider that the introduction of these charges, without any explanation as to their value, is in accordance with European law? Does the Commission not consider the provision for varying levels of charge, depending on the period for which producers were connected to the grid in previous years, to be a distortion of competition?

Does the Commission plan to take any action in view of the anticipated bankruptcies among renewable energy producers in Bulgaria as a result of the introduction of charges for access to the grid? The Commission is aware of the recent changes in Bulgaria's legislation introducing grid access tariffs apparently only for producers of electricity from renewable energy sources. Diskriminierung von Menschen mit Behinderung: Cases have, however, come to light in which persons with a visual impairment or another disability were refused entry into restaurants or shops because they had a guide dog.

Given that European primary law unequivocally outlaws discrimination, are there national standards or EU-wide rules under which trained guide dogs for the blind are classified as medical equipment, and can thus, regardless of general national regulations, enter as many places as possible? Would the Commission agree that it must take action to remedy this unacceptable, discriminatory state of affairs by ensuring the adoption of clear European legislation?

The EU acquis does not contain rules concerning access of persons with disabilities to restaurants or shops. State Parties must take effective measures to ensure personal mobility with the greatest possible independence for persons with disabilities. The EU also became a party to the Convention in and is bound by its obligations to the extent of EU competences. The Commission has made much progress towards dealing with the issue of the shock of high mobile phone bills due to roaming costs, but a considerable source of bill shock remains in the form of the consequences of a mobile phone being stolen.

Currently, many customers have difficulty in quickly communicating with their mobile provider in order to report a theft, as often this is done via a phone call, which is difficult if their phone has been stolen. In the light of the consumer protection legislation, is the Commission of the view that mobile phone companies are doing enough to facilitate speedy alternative means of reporting mobile phones as stolen, perhaps via a common online portal?

Is the Commission aware of consumer disquiet over the issue and, if so, does it have any plans to investigate the European mobile phone market? The Commission is aware of consumer disquiet over this issue and aims, within its competences, at addressing this matter. It is therefore understandable that those in the industry feel strongly that this regulation should be amended.

Does the Commission have plans to reconsider this matter? In the Union, the removal of SRM from the food and feed chains has been mandatory since and is the most important public health protection measure. This opinion reviewed the distribution of TSE infectivity in small ruminant tissues and provided for the first time a quantification of the impact on public health of current SRM measures in small ruminants. Considering this opinion, the Commission has no plan to reconsider the current rule related to the removal of the spinal cord in sheep.

In the light of this, can the Commission provide a precise definition which can be used? This will effectively duplicate the services of another company which is already providing broadband in the same area. The company currently providing the broadband will not be able to compete against a company receiving state money. The UK analysed the existing broadband infrastructure in detail.

The consultation with existing operators in an open, transparent way ensures that any commercial operators' investment plans are taken into account, and public funds are used only where similar commercial investments do not exist and are not planned in the near future. Publishing all information related to the broadband scheme and individual projects will ensure a high level of transparency on the use of public funds.

The framework Agreement selection procedure was done in an open, non-discriminatory way in line with EU public procurement principles. The Commission did not identify any requirements of the framework Agreement that could have excluded any operators from bidding. If local authorities wish not to use the BDUK Framework Agreement, the UK confirmed that the tender process will be open, transparent and non-discriminatory.

Therefore, aid for each project will always be allocated on the basis of an open tender process. The inability of the Congolese authorities to contain the fresh violence that broke out a few months ago in Kivu in the DRC reveals the extent to which a climate of total impunity now prevails in the region. The aim of this initiative is to develop a closely-monitored tin supply chain outside the control of armed groups.

What EU legislative initiatives is the Commission planning to take in order to achieve that objective, and when? The Commission is aware of the links between the illegal exploitation and trade of minerals and the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo DRC. The Commission has promoted an approach based on transparency of physical markets, supply chains and revenues. In this regard, the Commission continues to work at the OECD through multi-stakeholder processes on implementation of these Guidelines and the Guidance, as well as developing its corporate social responsibility strategy.

In addition, the Commission and European External Action Service EEAS are working closely together on a possible comprehensive EU due diligence initiative, the scope of which still needs to be determined. A public consultation should be launched in and contributions from Parliament will be welcome.

The restoration of Congolese state authority and the rule of law in the eastern regions of the DRC, along with a wide-ranging security sector reform, as well as broader development strategies are crucial to ensure a long-lasting peace and stability in the region. Gluten-free flours are 5. Particularly for the poorer classes this is a crucial question, because given to the current high prices they very probably cannot afford the diet food they need, thus endangering their health.

The situation of people with a sensitivity to flour could be improved considerably if the special basic foods could be obtained on prescription from chemists. Such solutions are already being applied in Western Europe. In Finland and Italy a tax allowance or monthly subsidy helps to cover the expense of gluten-free food, and in France monthly supplies are granted. Does not the Commission consider that the financial difficulties affecting people with food allergies as a result of the excessively high price of the foods they need place them — through no fault of their own — at an unfair disadvantage?

Does the Commission plan to initiate legislation with a view to alleviating the significant burdens caused by the cost of foods for people with food allergies? In the interest of balancing the internal market and improving the adverse situation of those suffering from food allergies, what other instruments and legislative options does the Commission envisage to remedy this problem? The Commission is aware of the health impact of food allergies or intolerance and avoidance of the foodstuff causing the problem is essential.

The Commission does not intend to develop legislation to alleviate the burden caused by the cost of food for people with food allergies as it has no role in reimbursement of food for special dietary requirements, which remains the direct responsibility of Member States. Aanpak onveiligheid en oneerlijke concurrentie in de Europese transportsector. In hoeverre is de Commissie op de hoogte van gevallen waarbij het afgeven van diploma's aan chauffeurs voor het vervoer van gevaarlijke stoffen in alle EU-lidstaten op onordentelijk wijze geschiedt?

Is de Commissie bekend met de praktijk waarin chauffeurs in de transportsector collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten ontwijken via legale en illegale constructies zoals het opzetten van satellietvestigingen in EU-lidstaten met lagere lonen en een lagere sociale bescherming? Welke actie is de Commissie van plan te ondernemen tegen deze oneerlijke concurrentie in de transportsector? Het betreft niet alleen de regels inzake markttoegang, maar ook regels voor het vervoer van gevaarlijke goederen, de opleiding van bestuurders en het gebruik van de tachograaf.

Deze regels evolueren constant om de verkeersveiligheid te verbeteren en eerlijke concurrentie en veilige werkomstandigheden te garanderen. De handhaving is echter een verantwoordelijkheid van de lidstaten, die de nodige maatregelen moeten treffen om te garanderen dat vervoersondernemingen en professionele bestuurders deze regels naleven. Inbreuken moeten worden bestraft overeenkomstig de nationale sanctieregeling, die effectief, evenredig, ontradend en niet-dicriminerend moet zijn. De Commissie houdt toezicht op de tenuitvoerlegging van deze wetgeving op basis van de verslagen van de lidstaten, waarin de effectiviteit van de regels wordt beoordeeld en de standpunten van het bedrijfsleven worden verzameld.

Regelmatig worden vergaderingen gehouden om problemen met de handhaving met de lidstaten en sociale partners te bespreken. Indien nodig neemt de Commissie het initiatief om nieuwe wetgeving voor te stellen. De Commissie is voornemens om in een initiatief te nemen met betrekking tot de markt voor wegvervoer. Ook sociale normen kunnen in dit wetgevingspakket aan bod komen. To what extent is the Commission aware of cases in which drivers have been improperly issued with certificates for the transport of dangerous substances in all EU Member States?

What action will the Commission take to tackle this international problem and guarantee the safety of the transport of dangerous substances throughout the EU? Is the Commission aware of the practice whereby drivers in road haulage evade collective agreements on terms of employment by means of both legal and illegal arrangements such as setting up satellite establishments in EU Member States with lower wages and poorer social protection? What action will the Commission take against this unfair competition in the transport industry? The issues raised by the Honourable Member relate to various pieces of EU road transport legislation.

Apart from market access these rules also include rules on transport of dangerous goods, driver training and the use of tachograph. These rules are under constant evolution to enhance road safety, fair competition, safe working conditions. However, enforcement is the responsibility of Member States, who must take the measures to ensure that transport companies and professional drivers comply with these rules.

Any infringements should be sanctioned in accordance with the national system of penalties, which are designed to be effective, proportional, dissuasive and non-discriminatory. Enforcement issues are reviewed with Member States and social partners at regular meetings. If appropriate, the Commission takes the initiative to propose new legislation. In the Commission plans an initiative on the road transport market. This initiative could include actions on the categorisation of serious infringements and on enhanced harmonised enforcement.

Social standards could also be part of this legislative package. Dieser Antrag ist zurzeit bis zum Abschluss des Einhaltungsverfahrens ausgesetzt. The Commission estimates that the enforcement of sanctions will take one to two more years. Can the Commission predict how much the remainder of the process will cost the EU? This request is currently suspended pending the completion of the compliance proceedings. In response to points 1. A detailed estimate of the costs is however not possible, also because there are ongoing proceedings.

In response to points 5. Juni Antidumpinguntersuchung bzw. August Antisubventionsuntersuchung zu geschehen hat. Imports from China of solar energy systems marketed at dumping prices are forcing more and more European manufacturers of photovoltaic equipment to declare insolvency or lay off workers. Since every week sees another solar energy company forced to declare insolvency or make workers redundant, EU ProSun has called on the Commission to speed up the procedure and begin keeping a formal record of Chinese imports as a matter of urgency.

The Commission is in the phase of collecting information for its investigation into the anti-dumping and anti-subsidy complaints on crystalline silicon photovoltaic modules. Given the great number of parties involved, the Commission has selected samples of exporting producers in China and producers and importers in the Union, and has requested that they reply to specific questionnaires. Other interested parties, like users and also the Government of China in the subsidy case , are also requested to provide information.

Within those deadlines, the Commission will work as speedily as possible. The speed of the case will be determined by its complexity and size as well as by the need to carry out out the investigations properly and accurately and the requirement to ensure due process for all interested parties. Aspekte der Robustheit von Computern und Netzen werden in diesem Zusammenhang behandelt.

After some major cyberattacks on several Member States, a European cybersecurity strategy is currently being drafted by the Commission. Cybersecurity activities range from cyberespionage to cybercrime and cyberwar. Each of these has its own motivations and goals. Policy responses and attempts at standardisation are becoming increasingly difficult due to the wide range of activities and areas of focus. Does the Commission have an overview on whether any national cybersecurity strategies exist within the EU?

Has the Commission already analysed national cybersecurity standards at European and international level? If so, please could it share the results and conclusions? Until now, there has been no EU voice on international standardisation bodies in the area of cybersecurity. How does the Commission plan to change this situation?

A number of Member States have already informed the Commission that they have adopted national cyber-security strategies. Most of those strategies are also publicly available and have been translated into English. Those strategies cover various aspects of cyber-security including prevention and resilience, research, the fight against cybercrime, defence and its external dimension.

Cyber resilience aspects will be taken up in this context. Moreover, the forthcoming EU Cyber Security Strategy should further address the issue of standardisation. The aggression of the Israeli State towards the Palestinian people and its provocative intolerance of its just struggle to end the occupation and create an independent, viable and sovereign Palestinian State has once again found expression in a speech given by Israeli Prime Minister B.

Netanyahu at the recent UN General Assembly. The criminal actions of the Israeli army of occupation have culminated in murderous attacks against the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip and the other Palestinian territories. Imperialist rivalries increase the risks of a generalized war, with devastating consequences for the peoples of the region as a whole. This EU-Israel agreement essentially constitutes a straightforward recognition and legitimization to the Israeli occupation and its crimes against the Palestinian people. Will it pursue this policy in support of Israel against the Palestinian people and its just struggle for an end to the Israeli occupation and the establishment of an independent, viable and sovereign Palestinian State within the borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital, for the removal of the unacceptable wall, for the release of Palestinian political prisoners in Israel and for the right of return of all Palestinian refugees to their homes, on the basis of the relevant UN resolutions?

The EU is committed to a two-state solution and convinced that the ongoing changes across the Arab world make the need for progress on the Middle East peace process all the more urgent. Heeding the aspirations of the people in the region, including those of Palestinians for statehood and those of Israelis for security is a crucial element for lasting peace, stability and prosperity in the region. The EU recalls the applicability of international humanitarian law in the occupied Palestinian territory, including the applicability of the fourth Geneva Convention relative to the protection of civilians.

Amennyiben igen, melyek ezek? Common ragweed is widespread internationally and is constantly spreading into an even wider area, assisted by an increasingly mild climate. Can the Commission provide information on the following pilot projects initiated by Parliament and included in the EU budget:.

Once (serie de televisión)

Pilot project on complex research on the methods of controlling the spread of ragweed and pollen allergies grant. If so, what are they? Deliverables will be shared after finalisation of the project. The project will deliver policy-relevant guidance to combat Ambrosia invasion as of Vi sono diversi strumenti e apparecchiature tecnologiche, come ad esempio respiratori, carrozzine, deambulatori e materassi anti-decubito, che sono necessari per determinate categorie di pazienti, e che in Italia sono quindi garantiti dal Servizio Sanitario Nazionale.

Il Nomenclatore tariffario contiene l'elenco completo di questi strumenti, ma il suo ultimo aggiornamento risale a ben 13 anni or sono Decreto n. La tecnologia in detto ambito si evolve in maniera piuttosto rapida, e i pazienti che necessitano di questi ausili si trovano di fronte a una difficile scelta, ovvero utilizzare strumenti obsoleti oppure dover pagare di tasca propria la differenza per poter usufruire di migliori servizi. Questi nuovi dispositivi non si caratterizzano per essere dei prototipi specifici, ma solamente delle innovazioni entrate oramai nell'uso comune in ambito sanitario.

Esiste a livello europeo un coordinamento per lo scambio delle migliori pratiche e tecniche innovative in ambito di dispositivi medici e sanitari? La Commissione ritiene tuttavia importante identificare e condividere informazioni sulle innovazioni che intervengono nell'ambito degli ausili medici. There are a number of instruments and pieces of technological equipment, such as respirators, wheelchairs, walking frames and anti-bedsore mattresses, which are necessary for certain categories of patient and which are therefore provided by the national health service in Italy. In theory, there were supposed to be regular adjustments, every three years at the most, but this requirement has been completely ignored and the revision of the decree further postponed.

Technology in this field is evolving fairly rapidly and patients who need these devices are faced with a difficult choice — either having to use outdated devices or having to pay the difference out of their own pockets in order to receive better services. Sometimes they do not even have that choice, as some new innovations are not even included on the official list.

The continuing health service cuts are also forcing many local health authorities ASL to seek lower-cost products on the market, but these are also often of poor quality, such as many wheelchairs that are manufactured in the Far East. These new devices are not specific prototypes but are simply innovations that have now become commonplace in the health sector. In the light of the above, what measures can the Commission take to try to resolve this situation, which is undermining the autonomy of these patients and preventing them from having a normal social and working life? Is there, at EU level, any coordination with regard to the exchange of best practices and innovative techniques in the field of medical and health devices?

Does the Commission not think it should facilitate a wider dissemination in Europe of the best instruments currently available? These responsibilities include the management of health services and medical care and the allocation of the resources assigned to them. Nevertheless, the Commission believes it is important to identify and share information on innovation in the area of medical devices.

The Commission therefore organises regular meetings on new and emerging technologies where interested parties such as national Competent Authorities, the medical device industry, Notified Bodies and standardisation bodies can exchange views and share expertise on innovative devices coming onto the European market.

Does the Council not think that the prize money from this award could be allocated to help Belarusian society? It is a disgrace that a dictator remains in power at the very border of the European Union. The Council underlined that the prize also recognises the historically and globally unique project of regional integration and enlargement in Europe, where former enemies today are united as friends around a core set of values.

The Council undertook to continue to work tirelessly for peace and in the promotion of fundamental rights and values and to strive to make its external action more coherent, comprehensive and effective. Mahdi Akhavan Bahabadi, segretario del centro nazionale iraniano del ciberspazio, ha negato il coinvolgimento dell'Iran negli attacchi. Ciononostante, si ritiene che gli attacchi siano stati lanciati in risposta alle sanzioni promosse dagli Stati Uniti e al worm digitale Stuxnet impiegato per paralizzare gli impianti nucleari iraniani.

At this stage, the Commission does not intend to speculate with regard to security arrangements put in place by EU companies against possible state-lead cyber attacks. Alcuni gruppi, quali i separatisti di Pattani, selezionano questi obiettivi in quanto simboli dello Stato thailandese buddista. Anche gli studenti sono stati al centro di brutali attacchi e sono rimasti feriti durante gli attentati dei ribelli contro il personale di sicurezza. Il governo deve garantire protezione a quanti sono nel mirino dei ribelli ma la soluzione militare non basta a dare sicurezza alle popolazione nel lungo termine.

Per una pace duratura nella regione occorrono soluzioni politiche. Groups such as Patani Independence Fighters choose these targets as they are viewed as symbols of the Thai Buddhist state. Insurgents have set fire to more than government schools in eight years, and teachers have been ambushed on their way to school or killed in their classrooms. Students have also fallen victim to brutal attacks, and been wounded in insurgent attacks targeting security personnel. These attacks on schools seem to be part of a larger campaign by insurgents to use violence and terror to drive Buddhist Thais out of the southern provinces and keep local Muslims under their control.

The EU follows the conflict in Southern Thailand with concern. The EU is particularly alarmed by the surge of violence in the past few months. The EU is engaged with the authorities and other stakeholders in addressing the issue. While the protection of all those targeted by the insurgents should be a priority for the Thai government, military solutions alone cannot provide security to the population over the long term.

Sustainable peace in the region can be only guaranteed through political means. A degree of devolution may go a long way, if it is coupled with other political reforms aimed at restoring justice and providing a wider cultural and educational space for Malay communities. The EU is currently funding a number of activities with a view to strengthening the voice of civil society, fostering dialogue between Buddhist and Muslim communities, and promoting social and economic development in Southern Thailand. Zu diesem Thema gibt es jedoch keine EU-weiten Erhebungen. In providing such services, many agents and agencies apply unfair or even mafia-like methods.

For instance, they often demand continuous monthly payments from personal caretakers for whom they have only provided a one-time mediation service. Illegal contracts with personal caretakers are not uncommon, in many cases enforced through coercion, extortion, misappropriation of funds, bogus self-employment, infringement of contract rights, and, in some cases, even of violation of fundamental rights.

To counter this problem, one feasible option is to introduce certificates for personal care that certify the caretaker as well as the agent and agency. On the one hand, such certificates provide quality assurance in professional, linguistic and legal terms. On the other hand, they improve the situation for both the caretaker and the person receiving care.

In addition, jobs can be created for caretakers and language trainers. Is the Commission aware of the problem described above, and does it have access to EU-wide surveys on this issue? Is the Commission considering introducing or promoting such certifications throughout the Union? Is the Commission considering taking action in this field, given its cross-border nature? The precarious status of such care workers would make them vulnerable to abuse and could also imply insufficient quality assurances for care receivers.

However, there are no EU-wide surveys on these issues. The problems are likely to differ from one Member State to another, and it is the responsibility of Member States to enforce the applicable legislation to protect care workers and care receivers. However, the experience from Austria referred to by the Honourable Member could be of interest to other Member States and could be presented in the context of the peer review activities under the auspices of the Social Protection Committee.

The Commission has no plans for introducing an EU-wide certification, but could promote the exchange of information among Member States on the issues to be addressed through certification schemes. The Commission will act if there is a breach of EU legislation, notably concerning the right to free movement of carers from other Member States.

The establishment of a European Platform on undeclared work is foreseen in the Commission Work Programme. Its aim would be to enhance cooperation and exchange information as well as best practices at EU level between different enforcement bodies to achieve a more effective and coherent approach to the fight against undeclared work. Pochissimi, infatti, sono stati i responsabili portati di fronte alla giustizia e puniti per i reati commessi.

In tale contesto permeato di violenza cronica, raramente i crimini sessuali vengono denunciati. I maggiori ostacoli all'accesso alla giustizia sono dati dal timore di stigmatizzazione e alla mancata percezione di reale sicurezza per le vittime sopravvissute e coinvolte nei processi legali. Indeed, very few of the perpetrators have been brought to justice and punished for the crimes committed.

The message that clearly emerges from the government's attitude is one of impunity and tolerance towards criminals who trample on the human rights of their victims every day. In the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences carried out a total of 22 examinations into suspected cases of sexual violence, compared to 12 in In situations of armed conflict, sexual violence against women is carried out to sow terror among communities, to force them to flee and to wreak revenge on the enemy.

In such a situation of chronic violence, sex crimes are rarely reported. The main obstacles to access to justice are the fear of being stigmatised and the perceived lack of real security for surviving victims involved in legal proceedings. In addition, administrative delays, a lack of funds and the infiltration of armed groups into local institutions make the legal process inadequate to meet the victims' needs for protection and humanity. The real problems in the country are not due to a lack of laws to punish sex offenders, but to the fact that those laws are not genuinely and consistently enforced.

The Colombian government has made significant efforts to strengthen the rule of law and to reduce impunity for human rights violations throughout the country. However, these are hampered by the continued existence of the complex and multifaceted conflict, which represents a persistent human rights challenge and a formidable obstacle to the effective administration of justice.

Reden voor inzameling is optimale recycling en het tegengaan van illegale export, dump en verwerking. Veel kostbare grondstoffen gaan alsnog verloren, de arbeidsomstandigheden bij veel recycling buiten Europa laten te wensen over en milieuvervuiling is een groot risico. De lidstaten moeten de inzameling en verwerking van deze afvalstromen organiseren. De overheid certificeert instanties die de inzameling mogen doen. In hoeverre verplicht de Commissie lidstaten aan te tonen welke problemen er zijn bij de inzameling van deze afvalstromen en welke acties de lidstaten nemen om deze problemen op te lossen?

Welke actie onderneemt de Commissie als een lidstaat in gebreke blijft bij de inzameling van het afval en transparantie van wat er met deze afvalstromen gebeurt? Welke actie onderneemt de Commissie om inzage te krijgen in wat er gebeurt met de hoeveelheid elektrisch en elektronisch afval dat niet ingezameld wordt? De betrokken verslagen moet een evaluatie bevatten van de positieve en de negatieve ervaringen met de tenuitvoerlegging van de richtlijn.

The aim of collecting it is to ensure optimal recycling and to combat illegal exports, dumping and processing. Large quantities of valuable raw materials go to waste, working conditions for those who perform recycling outside Europe often leave much to be desired, and there is a major risk of environmental pollution. Member States are required to organise the collection and recycling of these waste flows. The public authorities certify bodies which are permitted to collect waste. In the Netherlands, it has now become apparent that illegal trading is going on between local authorities and uncertified dealers in electrical and electronic waste De Telegraaf , Is the Commission aware of dealing in electrical and electronic waste between local authorities and uncertified dealers?

What action does the Commission take to combat illegal trade between authorities and uncertified collectors? To what extent are Member States required to demonstrate to the Commission what happens to the unregistered part of waste flows? To what extent does the Commission require Member States to demonstrate what problems exist in the collection of these waste flows and what action the Member States are taking to solve these problems?

What action does the Commission take if a Member States fails to collect waste in the required manner and does not ensure sufficient transparency regarding what happens to these waste flows? What action does the Commission take to ascertain what is happening to electrical and electronic waste which is not collected? The Commission will ask the Dutch authorities for further information on the specific case to which the Honourable Member refers.

Such reports should include an evaluation of the positive and negative experiences with the implementation of the directive. It is also generally accepted that airports with fewer than one million passengers are not economically viable and cannot continue to operate without state aid. Will the Commission take this economic reality into account when drafting its revised guidelines and, in particular, authorise operating aid for airports with fewer than one million passengers?

Regional airports can play an important role in local development and accessibility. Nevertheless, it is also important to avoid undue distortions of competition and wasting public resources. This risk is particularly high in cases of duplication of non-profitable airports. The Commission will take all these elements into account when revising the Aviation guidelines.

Vil Kommissionen derudover oplyse, hvilke retsakter fra anden og tredje liberaliseringspakke de enkelte medlemsstater har implementeret korrekt? The European Commission and the Commissioner for Energy have previously answered many questions concerning the implementation of the second and third energy liberalisation packages.

For the sake of clarity, the Commission is requested to provide a comprehensive overview of which countries have received letters of formal notice and reasoned opinions, and which countries have been the subject of a case brought before the European Court of Justice. This overview should be broken down by legal instrument. The Commission is also requested to state which legal instruments from the second and third energy liberalisation packages have been correctly implemented by the individual countries.

In addition, the Commission refers to the tables on this topic sent to the Honourable Member and to Parliament's Secretariat. Esto solo puede generar un consumo irresponsable, no sostenible y desinformado de las conservas pesqueras en lugar de una apuesta por la calidad, la sostenibilidad y el respeto al medio ambiente dentro de la actividad pesquera. El etiquetado de los productos de la pesca y la acuicultura forma parte integral de la reforma y tiene en cuenta las disposiciones del Reglamento de control, en particular aquellas en materia de trazabilidad. One amendment in particular to the original text stands out among the many tabled.

It removes the obligation on producers to inform customers about the origin of the product they are selling. This new piece of legislation will make it difficult to trace fish products as there will be no guarantee that where fish were caught, and hence what labour and social system applied, will be known. This will make promoting responsible consumption difficult as it will be impossible to judge important factors such as the social, economic and environmental impact if there is no way of knowing in which waters fish processed by canning companies were caught and under what conditions.

This will affect small canning companies which try to produce goods whose quality and certification of origin give them added value, which comply with social and labour standards for their workers, and which will have to sell their product without being able to inform customers about its origin. Thus only the big canning firms will benefit from this change to the proposed legislation, firms who process tonnes of fish at the lowest possible cost without considering protection needs, the environmental impact of their production or the most basic of environmental standards.

This can only lead to irresponsible, unsustainable and uninformed consumption of tinned fish instead of a commitment by the fishing industry to quality, sustainability and care for the environment. Does the Commission consider this legislation on labelling to be compatible with subsidies to the fishing industry which claim to support EU coastal fishing through the added value brought about by certification of origin? Does the Commission think that EU coastal fishing, which complies with high environmental standards, will be able to compete with other regions in the world in supplying the canning industry, without measures being implemented to ensure traceability within the sector?

The Commission believes that improved information on seafood products will help EU consumers to make more informed choices, including on the quality of the products they buy. Additional voluntary information can be provided to consumers environmental, social, quality, local or regional brands … as long as accuracy is ensured and information does not mislead the consumer. The Commission proposed to develop minimum criteria when needed to ensure the reliability of such information. Labelling of fisheries and aquaculture products is an integrated part of the reform and takes into account provisions of the Control Regulation, in particular on traceability.

Proposed provisions on information to consumers can contribute to ensure a level playing field in terms of competition. EU consumers will be able to know the species concerned and its provenance. They will also know the date of catch or harvest and if a product is fresh or has been defrosted. Tale liberalizzazione, dunque, rischia di causare una moltiplicazione incontrollata di antenne sui condomini, con un conseguente aumento di inquinamento elettromagnetico.

Pertanto, la Commissione ha chiesto al comitato scientifico per i rischi sanitari emergenti e recentemente identificati CSRSERI di procedere all'aggiornamento del suo parere del , previsto per il secondo trimestre del However, according to one of the provisions of the decree itself, an owner or co-owner cannot deny access to a telecommunications operator if the latter wishes to install, connect or maintain network elements such as cables, wires, distributors, lines or devices, including new antennas.

From now on, an apartment or the communal parts of the building will be freely available to large telecommunications companies and, moreover, these same businesses will be exempt from tax for the use of public land. In return, a payment to owners will be set on the basis of the actual reduction in value of the property, as if this were a case of compulsory purchase. In addition, likewise in the name of the digital super-highways, the procedure for installing underground broadband and ultra-broadband cables beneath public roads will be accelerated: There is a danger, therefore, that this liberalisation may result in an uncontrolled multiplication of the number of antennas appearing on the roofs of blocks of flats, which will increase levels of electromagnetic pollution.

Therefore, as far as the general public is concerned, there are no specific EU provisions that the Italian authorities need to comply with. However, the Commission follows the development of scientific knowledge and periodically asks its Scientific Committees to review the latest scientific evidence. Participaciones preferentes en Caixa Galicia y Caixanova. Entre estos clientes se encuentran los titulares de participaciones preferentes de Caixa Galicia y Caixanova.

Estas dos cajas gallegas comenzaron a comercializar participaciones preferentes desde y respectivamente, recabando millones de euros para las ampliaciones de capital. Todas las medidas previstas en el plan tienen por objeto garantizar la solidez y la viabilidad del banco en cumplimiento de las normas sobre las ayudas estatales. Furthermore, the code of conduct stipulates that Commissioners may not exercise any public functions of any kind. However, Commissioner de Gucht informed President Barroso that he intends to announce, as from the outset of the election campaign, that he is not seeking reelection as Mayor of Berlare, that he will not play an active role in the election campaign and that he intends to continue to fulfil his mandate as Member of the Commission.

As previously stated, Commissioner De Gucht does not intend to participate actively in the campaign. He may not use any human or other Commission resource in the framework of this campaign. The Commission confirms that Commissioners may not exercise any public function of whatever kind. This is the case for the function of member of the Municipal Council Gemeenteraad under the applicable law. All those who commit crimes against humanity, whether in their own country or another, whether in power or in rebellion can and will be brought to justice.

This is the least that the victims of such crimes deserve. It has been a strong supporter of the Special Court for Sierra Leone. How does it expect competitiveness and investments in Greece to be strengthened when such high tax rates are in force? Greece has implemented a number of tax reforms in order to respond to its compelling consolidation needs in recent years. Following revenue-raising motivations, increases in both the standard and reduced VAT rates have been very frequent across EU Member States.

The economic literature recognises that consumption taxes are less detrimental to growth than direct taxes. Complementary measures to enhance the business environment and investment are envisaged in the National Reform Programme submitted by the Greek Government. Overall, the Commission considers that the need to put public finances on a sustainable path does not contradict the long term underlying objective of restoring competitiveness and growth, which is reflected in the types of tax reforms recently implemented in Greece. In line with statements made by the Commission in recent days, it would be advisable to conduct an immediate audit of the electricity sector, overseen by the Commission, to ascertain where these inefficiencies lie.

Does the Commission think that Spain should be required to audit its electricity sector to pinpoint inefficiencies? However, it is up to Spain to choose measures to implement the recommendation. These short term measures should be followed by an in-depth reform of the electricity sector including the revision of the regulated tariff system ensuring that tariffs reflect market prices and a review of the renewables support scheme.

The reform of energy sector in Spain should be oriented to ensure in the long run the economic feasibility of the electricity activities and a stable and certain legal framework for investors. Hemos tenido la oportunidad de debatir bilateralmente este asunto. Photovoltaic producers who made an investment under a remuneration scheme that promised a tariff must have the return on their investment guaranteed, in the same way that an investor buying a bond from United Kingdom must have a guaranteed rate of return.

However, the retroactive measures taken by the Kingdom of Spain clearly give it an unfair advantage over the other EU countries, which have not allowed retroactive measures against EU citizens. What measures does the Commission plan to take to prevent new retroactive rules being made in the Kingdom of Spain against photovoltaic producers? Honourable Member, we had the opportunity to discuss this issue bilaterally. Los datos de esa autoridad son los siguientes:. The white pine tree has been the main species affected since its young age means natural regeneration cannot be guaranteed.

How could the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development aid natural regeneration and restoration of the damaged area in the province of Tarragona? This support covers the planting of new trees and the introduction of appropriate prevention actions creation of forest firebreaks; establishment of protective infrastructures; preventive forestry practices such as vegetation control, thinning and diversification of vegetative structure.

The selection of the specific projects to be funded under this measure falls under the responsibility of the Managing Authority of the program, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity governing the implementation of Rural Development Programs.

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The contact details of the Managing Authority are the following:. L'UE ogni anno assegna il titolo di Capitale europea dello sport. Il premio di Capitale europea dello sport funge da stimolo, per le amministrazioni locali e le associazioni presenti sul territorio, a soddisfare una fondamentale e determinante realizzazione delle basi che contribuiscono a migliorare il livello generale di salute degli abitanti di un paese, attraverso la cultura del sano esercizio fisico.

In view of the role sport plays as a means of improving individuals' physical wellbeing and their overall quality of life, as well as promoting an inclusive society, an ethical commitment is required of cities awarded this title. The European Capital of Sport award acts as an incentive for local authorities and their sports departments to play an instrumental role in improving their community's general level of health by promoting physical exercise as one of the basics of a healthy lifestyle. European Capitals of Sport are responsible for developing the facilities and introducing the good practice models that will enable sport to foster the inclusion of society's more disadvantaged groups, such as disabled persons, older persons, young people in difficulties and migrants.

The cities that have been awarded the title of European Capital of Sport stand as positive examples of an ethical approach to social policy that should also be applied to strategies, programmes and measures in other areas. European cities should view this initiative as a common project providing a formal framework for promoting ethical values. Can it provide further information on how cities can apply to become a European Capital of Sport? However, the European Commission is not involved in the selection process and the management of the European Capital of sport initiative and therefore is not in a position to provide the Honourable Member with the requested information.

Cellule cardiache a misura di paziente. Dalle cellule della pelle si possono estrarre cellule cardiache sane: Uno studio israeliano sostiene infatti l'efficacia di una nuova tecnica, messa a punto nei laboratori. Non si tratta della prima terapia sperimentale volta a ricostruire le aree cardiache danneggiate da un infarto, ma la vera innovazione sta nel punto di partenza.

I ricercatori, infatti, hanno utilizzato cellule epiteliali di due pazienti precedentemente colpiti da infarto per generare cellule cardiache compatibili con il cuore stesso dei donatori. Questi ultimi, come hanno chiaramente definito due studi del , sono in grado di fatto di riportare indietro l'orologio biologico delle cellule umane, facendole regredire a uno stadio indifferenziato paragonabile a quello embrionale. Grazie a questo procedimento sono state ottenute delle cellule staminali indotte pluripotenti che sono state fatte differenziare poi in cellule cardiache vere e proprie.

Molti sono gli ostacoli da superare: Inoltre, lo sviluppo delle cellule cardiache partendo da quelle epiteliali richiede due settimane di tempo, impedendo un intervento immediatamente successivo all'infarto. Healthy heart cells can be extracted from skin cells. This is the latest frontier in stem cell research and gives new hope to people with heart damage. This is not the first experimental treatment to be used to reconstruct sections of the heart damaged by a heart attack, but the real innovation is the starting point.

The researchers used epithelial cells from two heart attack patients to generate heart cells compatible with their own hearts. Scientists took epithelial tissue cells from two patients aged 51 and 61 and reprogrammed them to make them immature by infecting them with a virus containing three pluripotent genes.

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As was clearly established by two studies in , these genes can actually reverse the biological clock of human cells, returning them to a state comparable to their embryonic state. As a result, pluripotent stem cells were obtained, which were then differentiated into proper heart cells. There are many obstacles to overcome. The first one is that stem cells may cause tumours once they have been injected into a specific organ.

Furthermore, it takes two weeks to cultivate heart cells from epithelial cells, which prevents immediate action following a heart attack. Given the importance of this research and the need to develop it, does it not agree that Seventh Framework Programme FP7 or Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme funding should be made available? This work falls into the category of regenerative medicine, which is well supported by the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development FP7, Specific activities in heart regeneration that have been supported so far include the following projects:.

In line with the decision on the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme CIP , this programme does not support this kind of research. Per poter guidare all'estero, i cittadini europei sono oggi soggetti a regole differenti a seconda che si rechino, per periodi di breve soggiorno o per stabilirvi la propria residenza, in paesi membri o paesi extra UE.

In order to be able to drive abroad, European citizens are currently subject to different rules depending on whether they are going to Member States or to non-EU countries either for short stays or to take up residence. Have any non-EU countries signed reciprocal agreements with Member States on the conversion of driving licences?

Vaccinazione genetica per curare i tumori. Nuovi studi riguardanti terapie contro i tumori mediante la vaccinazione genetica antitumorale sono stati condotti da un laboratorio di Immunologia Molecolare di Trieste. Il gruppo di ricercatori ha iniziato a lavorare con uno dei modelli sui linfomi a cellule B che hanno una particolare caratteristica: Si tratta di vaccini che hanno l'obiettivo di essere curativi. I settori terapeutici considerati comprendono la vaccinazione, la terapia basata sugli anticorpi e sulle cellule, la scoperta di farmaci e lo studio della loro resistenza, la chemioterapia e la radioterapia.

A molecular immunology laboratory in Trieste carried out a new study on treating tumours with an anti-cancer genetic vaccination. The study involved a DNA vaccination clinical trial for lymphoma caused by the malignant transformation of B lymphocytes. The research group started working with a particular B-cell lymphoma model, where all the cancerous cells have a particular surface protein that is unique to, and characteristic of, cancerous cells.

These vaccines that aim to provide a cure. This approach is being used for lymphoma, but can be transferred to other tumour types since it involves laboratory engineering that can be used for other cancers, for example breast cancer. Given the importance of the research and the need to develop it, does it consider that the Seventh Framework Programme FP7 or the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme should give funding?

Although research on DNA vaccination for lymphoma has not been supported, research on other therapeutic approaches for lymphoma have been funded under the Sixth and Seventh Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development FP6, ; FP7, Therapeutic areas addressed include vaccination, antibody and cell therapy, drug discovery and resistance, chemo and radiotherapy. In line with the decision on the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme CIP , this programme does not support such kind of research. Si tratta di una fonte energetica capace di concorrere alla crescita di un paese.

Nel , invece, si potrebbe arrivare a quota otto miliardi di metri cubi. Un risultato raggiungibile evitando la competizione food — no food e in grado di garantire un crescente utilizzo di biomasse d'integrazione, come sottoprodotti agricoli, colture di secondo raccolto come triticale o mais di seconda semina , effluenti zootecnici, scarti agroindustriali, colture non alimentari. Nella nuova PAC saranno inseriti provvedimenti per favorire la produzione di biometano?

Spetta quindi agli Stati membri stabilire quali colture possano essere destinate alla produzione di biometano per ricevere contributi pubblici. Biomethane is a strategic source thanks to its programmability, efficiency and multiple uses: This is an energy source that can help a country to grow. Half of this could be used directly to produce electricity and heat in biogas plants, and the rest could be injected into the grid and used as fuel for transport, heating and high-yield cogeneration.

Will provisions to encourage biomethane production be included in the new common agricultural policy? Biomethane is a versatile renewable energy carrier which can be used for power generation, combined heat and power generation, heat generation, as a transport fuel and potentially also for the production of renewable hydrogen.

Accordingly, it is also regulated at the level of Member States which feedstocks are allowed for making biomethane in order to receive public support. Use of food and feed crops grown on purpose for biomethane may raise concerns about its sustainability, whereas the use of residues and waste can be considered to be best practice. It will allow to improve the management of its renewable biological resources and it can maintain and create economic growth and jobs and improve the economic and environmental sustainability of primary production.

Reserva Natural de la Bioesfera. This model was largely responsible for the economic crisis from which Spain is now suffering, and it also represents a threat to current tourism in the area's unspoiled beaches. Furthermore, the area of special environmental interest affected was declared a biosphere reserve by Unesco. Some of the natural sites affected are protected by European environmental legislation, such as the Habitats Directive and the Birds Directive.

The project's approval has met with strong opposition from citizens, who were not consulted or involved in the decision-making process, as provided for in the Aarhus Convention. Moreover, the project does not fit within a model of sustainable, responsible and environmentally sensitive growth. Does the Commission not see a need to investigate this project to avoid breaches of EU environmental legislation? The Commission is aware of the issues raised by the Honourable Member, due to a recent complaint on the Valdevaqueros urbanization plan in Spain. The Commission has requested further information from the competent Spanish authorities concerning the compliance of this plan with the relevant requirements under EU environmental law, including the Aarhus Convention.

Cianobacterias en el Embalse de As Conchas. The Microcystis Aeruginosa detected produces the Microcystina toxin, which can cause serious health problems in large quantities and after long exposure, including destroying the liver. In Sao Paulo Brazil , more than people have died as a result of the toxin. According to the World Health Organisation directives, the water was declared unfit for any use. This cyanobacterial bloom seems to be caused by the presence of phosphates and nitrates from fertilisers used in potato cultivation entering the river and from slurry and chemical fertiliser runoff from farms.

Has the Commission been told about this serious case of pollution by the Spanish authorities? Does it think that this is contravening the Water Framework Directive? Is it taking appropriate measures to deal with the situation? Should urgent measures be taken? The Commission is not aware of the case of pollution referred to by the Honourable Member. At this stage, the Commission cannot assess whether the requirements of WFD are being complied with, given that Spain has not submitted its river basin management plans RBMP.

This emergency situation is a result of the drought and reductions in water to the dam, but also due to appropriation of the public body of water for private economic interests. The local Barbastro Hunting and Fishing Association has warned that fishing in the river is impossible this season. One ecologically-valuable section of the river is practically dry, while supplies to local farm irrigation systems, hydropower plants, fish farms and paper factories have been maintained.

Both rivers constitute important water arteries, acting as a biological corridor for many species of fauna and flora, while also linking the Pyrenean foothills to the floor of the Ebro River valley, which is why there is an obligation to take measures to protect it.

What actions has the Commission taken or does it intend to take to preserve this important ecological area? In particular, is it thinking of urging the Spanish authorities to establish an obligatory minimum ecological flow for the River Cinca? Has Greece set aside sufficient resources from the Structural Funds to sustain the sector in question? In what way can the Commission help to halt the downgrading of psychiatric establishments and redeem the image of psychiatric establishments in Greece? During the current programming period , the European Social Fund ESF provides support through the Human Resources Development operational programme for the reform of the mental health sector in Greece.

The Commission is concerned, however, at the low level of project implementation in the sector in question, where only 3. The Commission is aware of the challenges facing vulnerable sections of the population in Greece. The ESF is accordingly providing assistance to promote the social inclusion and employment of mental patients, foster their deinstitutionalisation through the development of outpatient facilities, tackle discrimination and step up human resources in the mental health sector.

As early as the beginning of , Greece requested technical assistance for the purpose of speeding up the absorption of funds from the External Borders Fund and the European Return Fund. Has any positive impact been noted on the progress of the projects financed by these two funds?

Are there any concrete results to be reported? As regards the area of return, since Frontex is successfully running the Attica project deploying experts assisting Greece in capacity building and improvement of return management. This assistance has positive impact on the implementation of different actions co-financed under the Return Fund. This includes the better use of the EBF. In particular, Frontex is expected to support the Greek services in the preparation of technical specifications for actions co-financed under the EBF.

The main objective of the workshop was to verify the availability of Member States to provide support on various identified actions in the area of asylum, migration and borders. Particularly high rates of child poverty are reported in countries where the economic environment is unfavourable owing to the current economic crisis. Can it provide information on the danger of children from single-parent families ending up in poverty?

Is it considering a strategy for combating child poverty, with specific target indicators and practical political actions comparable to those proposed for combating youth unemployment? Has it proposed specific social protection measures to the Member States for this population group? Has there been any response from Member States?

Children growing up in a single parent family face risk of poverty of The Council just adopted 19 Country Specific Recommendations related to child poverty and well-being. The Commission is working on a recommendation on child poverty. It is part of the Commission's workplan. The recommendation will propose a holistic approach to fight child poverty, pleading for improved access to income support, health and social services and better child participation in social and afterschool activities.

Monitoring and evaluation will be facilitated through a set of existing indicators and based on existing reporting mechanisms Europe, National Reform Programmes, National Social Reports. A decade of cooperation on child poverty through the Open Method of Coordination has helped to identify common challenges and a set of indicators as was highlighted in the Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion.

Besides, the upcoming Recommendation will propose common principles for effective policy action. The Commission has not proposed any specific social protection measures because this is a Member State competence. Is the Commission aware of this proposal? What is its position on and assessment of the proposal? Zero rates constitute exceptions to the general rules on VAT rates. Electronically supplied services, such as e-books, are currently excluded from the scope of reduced VAT rates. Respuesta de la Alta Representante y Vicepresidenta Sra.

Hierbij hebben zij ook aandacht besteed aan de hongerstaking van Palestijnse gevangenen. Het grootschalige gebruik van administratieve detentie is een zorgenpunt dat wij bij elke gelegenheid aan de orde stellen. The hunger strike staged by Palestinian prisoners over the past months has effectively ended after Israel pledged to meet basic human rights standards in its prisons.

Ministers also looked at the hunger strike by Palestinian prisoners. The extensive use of administrative detentions is a key concern we raise at every opportunity. Ha condenado la continua violencia de los colonos y las provocaciones deliberadas contra civiles palestinos, y ha pedido al Gobierno de Israel que lleve ante la justicia a los responsables y que cumpla con sus obligaciones en virtud del Derecho internacional.

Daaraan wordt samen met de Commissie gewerkt. De EU is bezorgd over het extremisme van kolonisten en over opruiing door kolonisten op de Westelijke Jordaanoever. De uitvoering van de in de schriftelijke vraag bedoelde maatregelen, is een nationale bevoegdheid van de lidstaten. According to data collected by the Commission, the UN and local activists, the Israeli authorities demolished 22 water cisterns and 37 residential and agricultural structures funded by EU Member States in Does the High Representative believe that measures such as blocking imports of products made by Israeli settlers or an EU visa ban on settler radicals should be implemented, especially given that the occupation and the settlements are illegal under international law?

It also stated that it expects Israel to protect EU investments in support of Palestinian development in Area C for future use. This work is being carried out jointly with the Commission. Implementation of measures outlined in the written question on settlement produce requires the unanimous backing of EU Member States. The EU is concerned about settler extremism and incitement by settlers in the West Bank. It has condemned continuous settler violence and deliberate provocations against Palestinian civilians and called on the Government of Israel to bring the perpetrators to justice and to comply with its obligations under international law.

Implementation of actions referred to in the written question is a matter of national competence of Member States. The Swedish morning paper Svenska Dagbladet had four of its reporters put themselves on a diet of tinned food to investigate whether consuming food from tin cans would impact levels of the hormone-disrupting chemical bisphenol A BPA in the body. The results were astounding. However, this is not enough. I must insist that we regulate the use of BPA and other similar substances in everything that comes into contact with food — even in products intended for adults. This includes tin cans, lunch boxes, kitchen utensils, plates and other items made of plastic.

Children also eat food that comes from tin cans, while pregnant women should be protected from ingesting BPA. Regulation is therefore needed in particular to protect children and foetuses. An article in Svenska Dagbladet described how four of its reporters ate tinned food for two days and a very large increase in bisphenol A BPA of several thousand percent was observed in the urine of all four. In this brief time, levels of BPA in their urine rose rapidly.

Since the food they ate was varied, it is not possible to deduce precisely which tinned food caused the rise. Although BPA has a short half-life in the human body, this is of great concern, and our knowledge of the impact on the body of such rapid rises and falls in levels is poor. Where the data are insufficient, or indicate a danger of safe limits being exceeded, what action do you plan to take?

In the Commission considered it adequate to apply the precautionary principle in the case of infants only. The Commission will apply the precautionary principle if the criteria for its application are fulfilled. Wie bewertet die Kommission die Aussichten auf Realisierung des Brenner-Basistunnels sowie des Tunnels zwischen Lyon-Turin angesichts der angespannten Haushaltslage aller beteiligten Mitgliedstaaten, besonders vor dem Hintergrund der Maastricht-Kriterien und des neuen Schuldenpakts?

How does the Commission assess the existing alternative route through the Pannonian lowlands via Slovakia, Hungary and Slovenia? Why was this route not considered, despite the fact that it is a faster and more cost-effective alternative? How does the Commission assess the prospects for the realisation of the Brenner base tunnel and the tunnel between Lyon and Turin in view of the budgetary difficulties of all the Member States involved, particularly in the context of the Maastricht criteria and the new debt pact?

What is to happen with the resources for the Baltic-Adriatic corridor earmarked by the European Union if the participating Member States do not commit to their co-financing share in their national budgets?

The proposed core network corridors follow the alignments of the core network which was developed on the basis of a rational and transparent methodology along their most direct alignment, following existing and potential traffic flows. The Baltic-Adriatic corridor follows the existing Priority Projects 23, 25 and 27 and continues to the economic centres of northern Italy.

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The Commission does not share the opinion of the Honourable Member that there are faster and more cost-effective alternatives. It is considerably longer, single-track and partly non-electrified. No budget is predetermined for certain corridors. The Commission is aware of the difficult financial situation which might delay the implementation of Lyon-Turin, Brenner or the future Baltic-Adriatic Corridor and will — together with the Member States — decide on the most effective ways to deal with this.

Austria and Italy have re-assured that the Brenner Base tunnel will become operational as planned in The number of major missing links on the core network is limited and they have been taken on board because of the methodology referred to above. Member States are therefore to commit to the obligation of realising the core network until Could the Commission explain whether any corresponding measures have been introduced in the meantime to address the issue of harassment at work?

The Commission intends to publish this year a call for tenders on mental health in the workplace with a view to:. Delineate a series of scenarios for action, taking also into account any cost implications;. The Commission attaches also great importance to involving the social partners' initiatives concerning mental health as well as violence and harassment in the workplace. The Commission plans to undertake an evaluation of the framework Agreement.

The loss of Envisat has an impact on GMES Services, in particular for the marine environment altimetry, ocean colour, ice monitoring and atmosphere monitoring services air quality. The full replacement of Envisat observations will only be achieved with the progressive launch of the Sentinel satellites, starting in the second half of In this framework, the Commission will enhance access to complementary space data, e. Earlier this month, the Israeli Government announced the approval of a coalition deal between the Likud party led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the Kadima party led by Shaul Mofaz.

In what way does the Commission expect this deal to impact upon the dynamics of the peace process with the Palestinians and the prospect of a two-state solution? Our services continue to follow the domestic political situation closely and asses its possible ramifications for the Middle East Peace Process. The EU continues to work with partners in the region and within the Quartet to bring about direct and substantial negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians which should lead to a comprehensive agreement based on a two state solution.

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Minn din is-sena, fuq talba tal-Parlament Ewropew, ir-rapport annwali tal-UE dwar id-Drittijiet tal-Bniedem jindirizza l-kwistjoni fil-fond. Have any initiatives been launched in the intervening period that ensure greater protection of religious freedom and of the rights of Christian communities on a global scale? They firmly condemn violence and acts of terrorism, in various countries, against Christians and their places of worship, Muslim pilgrims and other religious communities.

Request was then made to all EU Delegations to monitor the state of FoRB and to engage on such issues, whenever necessary, so to make this right an integral part of the EU's bilateral relations with their host country, and to report on actions taken. The EU has been using the full range of its instruments to engage international partners at the bilateral and multilateral levels, through human rights dialogues, demarches, UN resolutions or financial assistance, to address these concerns.

The EEAS is working closely with Members of the European Parliament and civil society representatives to address the various issues of freedom of religion or belief. Such guidelines will help enhancing EU activity in this field in the most concrete way possible. Is the Commission considering any further measures intended to hasten the reform process and tackle issues such as selective justice in the country? Selective justice has been identified as a key obstruction to the further development of relations.

The cases of Tymoshenko, Lutsenko, Ivaschenko and Filipchuk were given particular attention. The EU will continue to insist on specific measures to curb, and ultimately eliminate, the use of selective justice in Ukraine, including immediate implementation of the updated Criminal Procedure Code and revision of the Criminal Code. The EU will follow closely appeal and cassation processes in the cases of Tymoshenko and others, as well as relevant processes of the European Court of Human Rights. In reaction to growing risks of water scarcity and with the aim of ensuring water security in the long term, water providers in European countries, including Malta, are increasingly resorting to desalination to cover freshwater needs.

Has the Commission considered any investments in more energy efficient technologies that could make desalination processes more environmentally friendly? Within these projects a few consortia have successfully demonstrated the positive direct coupling of wind turbines with membrane desalination ideal for the Mediterranean because of its lower salinity compared to the Atlantic. The desalinated water is stored in plastic bags in the sea; very large volumes can be obtained at extremely low costs. The pumps can be operated in variable mode and can thus follow the variable wind.

This causes zero stress on the local electricity grid. Since the year , this technology is ready for deployment; wind based desalination is significantly cheaper than fossil fuel based desalination. Progress fit-tnaqqis tad-differenza bejn is-sessi fil-boardrooms tad-diretturi kien ukoll bil-mod. Has the Commission recorded any improvements in this respect since the publication of this report?

Over the past years, the Commission has recorded modest improvement in tackling the remaining gender gaps in employment, education and the economy. Differences in educational choices, occupational and sectoral segregation remain important in many Member States and largely explain the high gender pay gap. Progress in narrowing the gender gap in company boardrooms has also been slow.

In line with this, both at the end of the first and second European Semester, country specific recommendations have been issued to Member States aiming at gender issues. The recommendations point to the need to provide achievable and affordable care facilities, to reduce financial disincentives faced by second earners, to combat the gender pay gap and to promote flexible working opportunities for women.

This has made financial education available to citizens starting at school age, through courses and web databases, for example. Elderly people, however, have less access to these tools, yet have just as much need of knowledge of personal finance. Certain specific problems which affect the elderly, such as failure to access benefits and being targeted for financial exploitation, call for the provision of better financial education.

The Commission's activities in the area of financial education are addressed to all, including the elderly. Elderly people will be able to benefit by the improved services that such entities provide to them. In addition, the Commission has been running an online tool for consumer issues, www.

This tool includes a section on financial services information which is available to all consumers, including the elderly. Furthermore, some of the European legislation in the area of financial services such as for instance Markets in Financial Instruments Directive MiFID obliges providers to make due assessment of the consumer's profile for the suitability of the investment product to be offered. The age could be a relevant factor in this assessment. A number of officials, some who are experts and some who are not, some whose functions are relevant to the issue in question and others whose functions are not, have repeatedly made statements about Greece that have infuriated the Greek people ahead of the elections.

These statements have put Greek voters in a terrible quandary, and risk deflecting the electorate from its course and creating an irreversible situation in Greece. We have now reached the point that the spectre of Communism is coming back to haunt us in Greece. Will it intervene through its official representatives to stop various officials commenting on Greece, at least in the pre-electoral period? The Commission does not comment on declarations or statements made by representatives of other Institutions and International Organisations. This specific proposal was explained as follows: If so, would there be any consequences and what would they be?

The decision to issue long stay visas, residence permits and travel documents to non-EU citizens in cases of sudden large scale inflow of migrants should not have a negative impact on the functioning of the Schengen area. Quali misure intende adottare per garantire un efficace intervento volto a tutelare i diritti umani ripetutamente violati? Al fine di facilitarne la chiusura, nel giugno il presidente del Consiglio dei ministri ha inviato una lettera al segretario di Stato e al segretario alla difesa statunitensi in cui osservava: Six hundred people spent years there before being judged innocent and released, and dozens of the current prisoners are still behind bars because the American authorities do not consider their country of origin safe and have not found another country willing to accept them.

What measures does she intend to take to guarantee effective action to safeguard the human rights that have been repeatedly violated? The EU has repeatedly stated its position that the fight against terrorism must be conducted in full compliance with international human rights standards and the rule of law. The EU continues to call for the closure of the Guantanamo Bay detention facility.

Sembra che la giovane abbia meno di 18 anni e che sia tenuta incatenata, in carcere, assieme al figlio di cinque mesi. La giovane ha confessato dopo essere stata picchiata da un membro della famiglia. Molte pene sono giustificate come parte della Sharia. Quali misure ha intrapreso l'UE in passato per esortare il Sudan a rivedere le proprie leggi al fine di conformarsi alle norme internazionali? Il Servizio europeo per l'azione esterna segue da vicino la questione, in stretta collaborazione con la delegazione dell'UE e con le ambasciate degli Stati membri a Khartoum. In passato e in varie occasioni, sia bilateralmente che in sedi multilaterali, l'Unione europea ha invitato il Sudan ad abolire la pena di morte o almeno ad imporre una moratoria de jure.

She is believed to be under the age of 18 and is being held in prison with her five-month-old baby. Her legs are shackled. She confessed to the charge after being beaten by a family member. The man who was alleged to have committed adultery with her was released after denying the charges. Although Sudanese law stipulates that those accused of serious crimes have the right to legal representation, Intisar Sharif Abdallah was not given access to a lawyer or an interpreter in the court-room. She remains in prison, while pro bono lawyers have placed an appeal on her behalf.

Sudan itself is party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which prohibits imposing either capital punishment or a life sentence without the prospect of release on a person under the age of Sudan is one of only seven countries that permit stoning as a form of punishment. This includes women who wear trousers and knee-length skirts. Many of the punishments are justified as part of Sharia law. Information gathered by various sources, including NGOs, indicates that local Sudanese authorities are embarrassed by the ruling and have been trying to revert the verdict.

It is hoped that this will lead to the imminent examination of her appeal. It has also encouraged the Sudanese authorities to sign and ratify all the relevant international instruments making references to the use of death penalty, including the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights. It is clear that the Commission has had difficulties with these negotiations, not only on account of the previously very frequent withdrawals from the negotiations by African counterparts, but also because of the amount of time it has taken to reach these final agreements.

While the Commission focuses on openness, accessibility and fairness in its internal strategies, all possible references to these terms have been omitted from the EPA articles. Its implementation will rely on best practices and experience in EU policies and regulatory frameworks. Since the goals mentioned in the Honourable Member's question are at the heart of those policies and rules, they will certainly inspire the EU's cooperation and will be at the core of future initiatives. Finally, the EU's Seventh Research and Development Framework Programme is open for the participation of organisations from third countries including from Africa , and that this principle is expected to be continued under Horizon Does the Commission intend to produce the quantitative data needed in order to assess whether or not community plant variety protection is fulfilling its purpose of stimulating the creation of new varieties?

This Convention provides the basis for members to encourage breeding by granting breeders of new plant varieties an intellectual property right. The aim is to provide an effective system of plant variety protection, encouraging the development of new varieties of plants. In , a study on the effects of plant variety protection concluded that the UPOV system provides an effective incentive for plant breeding in different situations and results in the development of new, improved varieties to the benefit of farmers, growers and consumers.

The implementation of the CPVR legislation was evaluated by an external consultant in The Council took note of the conclusions of the evaluation and highlighted that the system is working well overall protecting plant breeding innovation in the Union. Based on the recommendations of the evaluation report and the stakeholder consultations, the Commission will carefully examine the need to produce more detailed quantitative data on CPVR system and the impact on innovation. To give an example: Does the Commission not think that the option of transporting live animals over long distances is unsustainable in the presence of such structural problems?

Does the Commission think that the chronic problems described above can be solved without a review of the regulation, aimed at ending long-distance transport and at replacing it with the transport of meat and carcasses? Non-compliance of the rules on animal welfare would in most cases lead to poor animal welfare. Hence the described problems are clearly related to poor enforcement of the rules. This conclusion supports the view of the Commission that enforcement must remain the first priority for the Commission and for the Member States.

Nelle scorse settimane i vertici dei Nuovi Cantieri Apuania S. Quali azioni possono essere intraprese a tutela e salvaguardia dei posti di lavoro oggi in pericolo? In recent weeks, the management of Nuovi Cantieri Apuania S. The company is a centre of excellence in economic, social and employment terms for the whole of the Province of Massa-Carrara.

It is currently finalising a roll-on, roll-off ferry that will operate in the Strait of Messina and be equipped to transport railway carriages, vehicles and passengers. There are also plans for a second railway carriage ferry to be built for the Italian State Railways Group and for the company to take part in an international tender for the construction of a ferry in Quebec. In fact, in terms of strategic assets, NCA S. What initiatives can be undertaken to protect and safeguard the jobs which are currently at risk? The Commission is not in a position to assess the facts or state whether a private company has or has not complied with any provisions implementing EU legislation.

According to this communication, Greece has been excluded from the list of marketable risk countries. Two of the largest global export-credit insurers have already decided to exclude Greece from this insurance cover. Before adopting this communication, did the Commission assess the impact it would have on Greek imports and exports at a particularly difficult time for the national economy?

What measures does it intend to take to remove the damaging effects of this communication on Greek exports and imports? The exceptional state of the Greek economy led to a scarcity of private insurance cover for exports to Greece: On that basis, and rather than requiring individual notifications, the Commission decided to remove Greece temporarily from the list of countries which were marketable risks countries. This allows Member States to support, under certain conditions, export-credit insurance for exports to Greece, without the need to provide individual notifications.

This will help companies in other Member States who wish to export to Greece and would otherwise be unable to find export-credit insurance on the market, as well as companies in Greece who need those imports. As a result of this, export credit insurers in many Member States operating for the account of or guaranteed by the State are now offering cover for Greece and have received many applications.

This shows the need for and benefits of this change. The decision to temporarily remove Greece from the list of marketable countries was made following a consultation of all Member States, including Greece. This amendment will expire at the end of when the new Communication on short-term export-credit insurance, which is currently being prepared, should enter into force.

The scheme would achieve significant savings of resources, benefit consumers and create innovation in terms of current marketing strategies for the consumer staples sector. The Danish Consumer Council has stated emphatically that such a scheme is not possible, as it would contravene a total harmonisation directive that determines which types of commercial practice can be approved and which cannot. The Commission is aware of this draft legislation and already met the Danish Consumer Council to discuss the issue. It is the Commissions understanding that, if adopted, the new Danish law would however go farther by prohibiting all kinds of unaddressed printed advertising.

Due to the full harmonisation character of the UCPD, such prohibition would be allowed only if it falls outside the scope of the directive, i.


Mobile telephony is an important aspect of efforts to improve communications in the internal market. The idea is based on setting aside certain frequencies for Femtocell technology. Three frequencies are available: Almost all 3G mobile telephones on sale today support these frequencies. By dedicating frequencies to Femtocell technology it would, for example, be possible to set up a Danish Femtocell box in the UK without causing a nuisance to UK mobile operators. To prevent unintended roaming, the Femtocell box would only accept customers from its own home mobile network.

This would ensure that French people would not be billed for roaming on the TDC network. The Femtocell box would only be allowed to perform a handover to its own network, including other Femtocell boxes. It could not hand over to a foreign network. This would prevent unintentional roaming when there is a risk of leaving the coverage area after starting a conversation using the Femtocell box. A solution to encourage the approval of Femtocell boxes might be that the boxes must be able to transmit up to three frequencies simultaneously. The Commission is examining the possibility of spreading the availability and use of picocells and femtocells and thereby takes full account of the potential of those cellular base stations and of the shared and unlicensed use of spectrum.

However, according to the regulatory framework for electronic communications, authorisation of spectrum usage rights should follow the principle of technology and service neutrality to allow spectrum users to choose the best technologies and services to apply in frequency bands declared available for electronic communications services.

The Commission has developed several initiatives to reinforce the capacity of Greek authorities to deal with these flows. Simultaneously, it has developed initiatives to strengthen efforts by the Turkish authorities to prevent irregular migration. Although the basic terms of the measures being implemented are unavoidable, what specific action is the Commission considering with which to address this deeply negative and socially unjust consequence of the austerity programmes?

The Commission is aware that many households are hit by serious financial troubles. Detailed data are mainly collected at national level. The proposal was accompanied by a Staff Working Document r on national measures and practices to avoid foreclosure procedures. Moreover, a study on households' over-indebtedness, aimed at finding updated information, analysing its causes and financial consequences and listing actions for alleviating its impact, is being carried out by the Commission. A public consultation based on the preliminary results will be launched by end , while the final results will be available in The Commission encourages Member States, in times of austerity, where possible to look for efficiency gains first, before cutting on social protection, while, when unavoidable, limiting negative impact on human capital formation.

The Adjustment Programme for Portugal foresees, inter alia , a framework regime for financial institutions to engage in out-of-court debt restructuring for households, which should help the families in financial difficulty. The same logic applies to the targets. In its third review of the financial assistance programme for Portugal the Commission concluded that the programme remains on track and that the Portuguese Government implements the agreed policies as envisaged. The Commission also noted that the deficit target of 4.

The Commission thus believes that the deficit target for can realistically be achieved. This joint statement also recalls the commitment by euro area Member States to support Portugal until market access is regained, provided that the authorities persevere with the strict implementation of the programme. The Commission considers that in the absence of EU legislation, Member States authorities are entitled to adopt measures aiming at enhancing road safety provided that these measures do not constitute a disproportionate limitation of the freedom of movement for persons.

The amended French rules require the clothing to comply with the relevant regulations and also specify certain of its characteristics: It thus appears that the French rule is based on a mistaken reference to the requirements of the relevant harmonised standards. The Commission will contact the French authorities with a view to correcting this mistake.

However, the policies of the economic adjustment programme which have already been implemented have direct and indirect consequences for the environment. These include the absorption of the Green Fund by the general budget, the earmarking of resources from the Restoration Fund for Fire-Damaged Areas financed by contributions and donations from citizens for budgeting purposes, the legalisation of illegal developments in protected areas, investments with questionable environmental scrutiny, the downsizing of environmental staff in public authorities and the support given to the opening of the lignite market.

What methodology is it using to monitor and assess the environmental impact of the economic adjustment programme? In drafting this report, will it consider that the conclusion which is usually reached, i. If so, does it intend to work with the Greek authorities on a strategic environmental assessment of the economic adjustment programme? Is it examining the possibility of integrating sustainability indicators into the economic support packages for countries with financial difficulties such as Greece, Ireland and Portugal? The Commission plays advisory, monitoring and surveillance roles in regard to the economic and structural adjustment programme for Greece.

Greece monitors and reports on its economic and structural adjustment programme based on appropriate indicators corresponding to the objectives of the programme. All the special adjustment and support programmes approved for other countries already contain already sets of appropriate, specific indicators that have been adapted to the objectives and the specificities of each of these programmes. The irregularities relate to The Commission is assessing OLAF's report in order to decide on the appropriate financial follow-up to be given to its findings. With due respect to the protection of the confidentiality of OLAF work, it can be said that weaknesses in the system of selection of operations which were already identified by previous Commission audits and were already subject to financial corrections by the Polish authorities and shortcomings in the control system are the main possible causes of the identified irregularities.

Additivi a base di alluminio nei deodoranti. I derivati dell'alluminio utilizzati in tali prodotti svolgono la funzione di inibire la traspirazione cutanea e quindi la sudorazione, e vengono assorbiti dal corpo umano attraverso la pelle. Altri Stati membri hanno attirato l'attenzione anche sull'alluminio presente in altri prodotti cosmetici, come ad esempio i rossetti e i dentifrici.

Tutte le parti interessate sono invitate a presentare tutte le pertinenti informazioni scientifiche sulla sicurezza dell'alluminio in questi prodotti cosmetici e, in particolare, dati in merito agli end-point tossicologici per l'uso di ioni e sali d'alluminio oltre a un'indicazione sulla concentrazione limite di sicurezza suggerita per tale ingrediente. The French health products safety agency Afssaps has issued a new warning about the danger of aluminium-based additives contained in deodorants for personal hygiene, which, if used repeatedly, damage nerves, the development of the nervous system and the bone structure, in addition to causing anaemia.

The aluminium derivates used in these products act to inhibit perspiration and are absorbed by the human body through the skin. According to Afssaps, the percentage of aluminium which would allow these products to be declared safe is 0. However, of the 14 products tested by it, as many as six had higher percentages up to 1. Will the Commission further study the risks of aluminium-based components in personal hygiene products? Other Member States also drew attention to aluminium present in other cosmetic products, such as lipsticks and toothpastes. All interested parties are invited to submit any relevant scientific information on the safety of aluminium in these cosmetic products and, in particular, data regarding all toxicological end-points for the use of related aluminium ion and salts and an indication on the suggested concentration safe limit for this ingredient.

The Commission will ask the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety SCCS to provide a scientific opinion on the safety of aluminium in cosmetic products based on all the data received. On the basis of this scientific opinion, the Commission will take the appropriate regulatory measures. Nuovo attacco suicida contro una chiesa cristiana in Nigeria. Gli attentati da parte del gruppo Boko Haram hanno come obiettivo lo Stato laico e mirano a destabilizzare lo Stato di diritto e a diffondere il terrore.

The suicide attack, in which a car containing explosives was driven at speed towards a Pentecostal church, caused 15 deaths and left at least 35 people injured, a toll which would have been much higher had the car not been intercepted at a nearby road block.