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However, the literature thoroughly documents that the role of the father constitutes a supportive and protective factor for the mother and for the functioning of the family. Lastly, it is possible that other factors that were not taken into consideration in this study, such as the amount of time the baby is hospitalised, the parent's mental health or marital satisfaction, can contribute to the functioning of the families of premature children, so these variables should be studied in more depth in future studies..

Based on our study, we can conclude that prematurity, particularly when it is associated with perinatal pathologies and when it coexists with psychosocial-type risk factors, is a decisive factor for family dysfunction that significantly increases parental stress and limits the adoption of protective factors such as resilience.

The coexistence of these factors must be taken into consideration by the professionals who assist these patients, who will need to take proactive measures to offer psychological support and regular assessments in neonatal follow-up consultations. These families would greatly benefit from well-designed interventions, whose objective should be to help them look for psychological, emotional and material support, teaching them to use their resources, both material and psychological, to successfully face the potential stress raising a premature child implies.

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.. Please cite this article as: Previous article Next article. Pilot study on stress and resilience in families with premature newborns. Boronat b , R. Llopis c , R. Torres a , M. This item has received. Show more Show less. Introduction Prematurity is associated with severe clinical conditions, long hospital stays, and uncertainty about patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to study risk and protection factors affecting family functioning in preterm as compared to healthy term infants.

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The results were compared using the Student's t test, unidirectional analysis of variance and the Tukey test. Results Parents of the control group attained higher scores than those of the preterm group for all the items studied; however, parents of preterm infants with pathological conditions perceived significantly less family resilience and more stress related to the upbringing of their child. Conclusions Prematurity itself is a risk factor for family dysfunction because it causes an elevated degree of parental stress and difficulties in the development of protection factors such as resilience.

Our hypothesis is that family dysfunction in premature-children families would be worse, expressing more stress and less resilience. The parent in charge of the upbringing of the child signed the consent and completed the questionnaires in an isolated setting. Population The inclusion criteria were: The pathology that was taken into consideration for the inclusion in the PCP group is described in Table 1. Median with interquartile ranges in parentheses.

Characteristics of parents of week premature babies with severe postnatal pathologies PCP and without postnatal pathologies PSP and healthy-term babies recruited to study the influence of prematurity on the functioning of a family. Psychological stress of parents of preterm infants enrolled in an early discharge programme from the neonatal intensive care unit: Rethinking stress in parents of preterm infants: A review of research on premature infant-mother interaction.

Newborn Infant Nurs Rev, 7 , pp. Longitudinal predictors of maternal stress and coping after very low-birth-weight birth. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, , pp. Parenting stress in mothers of preterm infants during early infancy.

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Early Hum Dev, 88 , pp. Family functioning, burden and parenting stress 2 years after very preterm birth. Early Hum Dev, 87 , pp. Child Family Soc Work, 14 , pp. Parent and family outcomes following very preterm or very low birth weight birth: Semin Fetal Neonatal Med, 19 , pp.

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Declining cognitive development from 8 to 18 months in preterm children predicts persisting higher parenting stress. Early Hum Dev, 87 ,. The development of and validation of the inventory of family protective factors: TFJ, 16 , pp. SPSS for Windows step by step: A Spanish adaptation of the parental stress scale. Psicothema, 19 , pp.

The Parental Stress scale: J Pers Soc Relat, 12 , pp. Trends in neonatal morbidity and mortality for very low birth-weight infants.

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Am J Obstet Gynecol, , pp. Changes in perinatal care and outcomes in newborns at the limit of viability in Spain: Neonatology, , pp. Neurological and developmental outcome in extremely preterm children born in England in and BMJ, , pp. Comparison of parenting stress between Malaysian mothers of four-year-old very low birth-weight and normal birth-weight children. Acta Paediatr, 90 , pp. Long-term family outcomes for children with very low birth weights.

Impact of very low birth weight infants on the family and its relationship to parental attitudes. Pediatrics, 88 , pp. An organization framework for conceptualizing resilience in children. J Child Adolesc Psych Nurs, 3 , pp. Integrating family resilience and family stress theory.

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J Marriage Fam, 64 , pp. Predicting depression and self-esteem from social connectedness, support, and competence. J Social Clin Psychol, 25 , pp. Infant crying, risk status and social support in families of preterm and term infants. Early Dev Parent, 7 , pp. Social support, appraisals, and coping as predictors of depression in congestive heart failure patients. Psychol Health, 21 , pp. Effects of sensitive parenting on the academic resilience of very preterm and very low birth weight adolescents. J Adolesc Health, 53 , pp. Growing up after extremely preterm birth: Definition and management of fetal growth restriction: Relationship of cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage and early childhood neurologic handicaps.

J Pediatr, , pp. The International Classification of Retinopathy of Prematurity revisited. Arch Ophthalmol, , pp. Intestinal stricture in necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg, 11 , pp. Subscribe to our Newsletter. Marshall states that people are affected by their mental states, and fear paralyzes and traps them in a self-imposed shell, one they perceive to be their armor or strength, but in reality it is an anchor weighing them down, miring them in misery. Despite the heavy subject matter, the writing is bright and lively, uplifting and nurturing, offering insights and shedding light into those dark corners of our fear where we seldom venture and, if trapped, never escape.

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Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. Learn more at Author Central. How to Reduce Negative Thoughts. If you want to reduce your negative thoughts, try the technique of compartmentalizing. Doing so will also help you reduce fear, anxiety, and tension. Just as a train, submarine, and ship have different compartments, so can the mind. You can reduce your stress if you compartmentalize your negative thoughts.

This may be easier for men who tend to think linear. But it can also be very helpful for women who tend to think in a more circular manner. Think of your mind as having diff. How to Reduce Workplace Stress. If your workplace stress is due to your co-workers, this tip may help. However, you can pick how to get along with them in order to reduce workplace stress. You can reduce workplace stress when you collaborate with others, rather than compete. While competition often induces stress, collaboration reduces it. Since I developed my Without Stress approach from my many years of teaching experience, an example from the classroom can best help illustr.

Essential Stress Management Tips. Do you have simple stress management strategies? These 5 easy natural stress relief tips are top tips for stress management that show how to de-stress and how to deal with stress immediately. Can displaying patience during a conflict really reduce stress?

12 Principios de la crianza real que todos los padres deberían aplicar

The True Measure of Wealth. Although having enough money to satisfy basic needs is critical to not having stress, sufficient financial resources are not the key to wealth. Realize that wealth and money are actually two different things. Many people believe that making more money creates wealth. And a person can devote time to make more money. Time is the Real Wealth We all have 24 hours in. Relieve Stress with Reflective Questions. You can learn how to relieve stress with reflective questions. Simply put, reflective questions relieve stress. The reasons are twofold: Reflective questions carry additional attributes aside from relieving stress because they place you in command.

That, by itself, reduces tension, anxiety, and stress. One Tip to Deal with Stress. When you deal with stress, do you often feel overwhelmed? This tip will help you regain control when you need it. There was once a navy jet pilot who was terrified at first when landing his aircraft on the deck of an aircraft carrier. The fact is that parents are the first teachers. Parents are always modeling how to behave. Read More Living Without Stress In order to have some understanding of major physiological points about the connection between body and brain, here is a simple explanation of how the body creates stress something that s.

Use Education to Reduce Stress. Well, when you focus on true education, rather than fact memorization, you can reduce stress. Realize that learning is not simply the acquisition of facts. This is a powerful insight to always remember. Education, or learning, is always renewable because. Stress and Tom Sawyer. Work consists of being obliged to do something—while play consists of whatever a person is not obliged to do. Eliminate Driver Stress and Road Rage.

Have you ever witnessed road rage in action? Have you been the perpetrator of road rage on another? Driving is certainly stressful. This tip will help reduce stress while driving and help you keep road rage under control. Many recent scientific studies have shown that congested traffic conditions can heighten stress levels in drivers.