Some dairy cattle may also be allowed to graze for part of the year or most of the year as well, depending on whether the operation is an organic grass-fed dairy or not. For pasture , make sure you have an adequate stocking rate or stocking density so you avoid overgrazing. Ideally you should try to rotationally or manage-intensive graze your pastures as much as you can.
Maintain a good herd health program. This especially so if it's needed.
A herd health program is especially imperative if you are purchasing cattle and bringing them into your herd, because these new cattle could be carriers of disease that may affect your current herd. It's also important if you are raising them in an area where disease and illness tends to be prevalent, such as confined in a barn or out on a dirt lot, or feeding them feed, like grain, that tends to cause problems.
Prevention steps include and are not unlimited to vaccinations, quarantine periods, avoiding doing activities with cattle during certain times, ensuring adequate feed and minerals are available, and maintaining a good strict culling program. You must also know and have certain items on hand in case of an emergency.
You may eventually have to face the hard truth that some animals cannot be cured, and you may have to euthanize it yourself. Most producers use a gun to put an animal down, simply by putting a bullet in the middle of the forehead just above the eyes. It is the quickest and most humane way to put a suffering animal out of its misery instead of simply letting it die a slow and painful death on its own.
Know how to deal with deadstock. With raising livestock it's entirely expected that you may end up having a dead animal or more on your hands to deal with. Research your local livestock disposal laws to determine what is best to dispose of a dead animal's carcass. Know when, where and how to market or sell your animals. There are five main routes of selling cattle: The majority of cattle are sold through the sale barn or auction mart. Emphasis is placed on cull cattle, weaned calves, and fats cattle ready for slaughter. Usually it is here where "problem cattle" get dropped off to go to the kill pen or be sold for slaughter, and weaned calves change hands from the ranch where they were born to a feedlot or farm that backgrounds them and readies them for slaughter.
Usually replacement stock are not purchased here, unless the prices are very good and producers are willing to get rid of more than their fair share of cattle, no matter if they have problems or not. Cattle can be sold through live internet auction or simply hauling them in the trailer to the nearest auction mart to you. Both beef and dairy cattle are sold this way. Private treaty is where you negotiate sales or purchases of livestock between the buyer or seller, which ever you and the other person happen to be. You can sell cattle in an advertisement posted in the local newspaper, magazine or an Internet classified site such as Craigslist or Kijiji.
People who read your ad may want to contact you for information or out of interest in the cattle you have up for sale. Private treaty sales may also come about from word-of-mouth, and not from reading newspaper or Internet advertisements at all. Direct sales would also work in the same way as private-treaty, except you are mostly selling beef, not live cattle, directly to a consumer interested in your product.
Direct sales happen through word-of-mouth, an advertisement posted on your website marketing your product as "nothing but the best," or a little ad in a local newspaper. It also occurs when selling your product at a stand at a farmer's market. Purebred sales are only for those with purebred seedstock or cow-calf herds and are marketing live, purebred cattle for other producers, purebred or commercial themselves, to purchase. Yearling bulls and heifers are primarily sold this way, either through auction on-farm, or through advertisements to encourage private-treaty sales.
Dispersal sales are sales where you can sell a whole herd or most of your herd of cattle to other interested buyers, be they meat packers or other producers. Dispersal sales are only for the purpose of selling almost your whole cow-calf herd, not if you were selling you're year's worth of stocker cattle you purchased several months ago. Manage other enterprises such as crops, hay and silage. If you are a producer that prefers to make their own feed rather than purchase it, this is one of the most important enterprises for your operation. You may be an operation that focuses on all three, just one, or any of the two.
That all depends on what kind of cattle you run and whether you aim to be more conventional graze in the summer, confine and feed in winter , or low-cost natural graze all year round, grass-only, no grain or silage to feed. Whatever you choose, these enterprises must be managed in such a way that they give back to you in being good-quality feed for your livestock. Crops must be seeded and harvested on time. Silage must be harvested at the right stage, neither too late or too soon.
Hay must be done properly to ensure no spoilage occurs, nor potential for combustion. Cut at the right time, allow it to dry, then rake and bale. Store bales as necessary, especially squares, since they're more prone to spoilage than round bales. Machinery for any and all enterprises must be kept in good working order. Farmers know their animals get sick, but humans do, too. Perhaps you have a spouse, children or other family members who can assist.
Or perhaps you can make arrangements with your neighbors or other local livestock raisers to provide each other with support in these types of situations. The same should be thought about if you decide to go away. Whatever the case may be, it will provide you with incredible peace of mind knowing you have a team to fall back on if anything should happen.
There are endless potential scenarios that can arise and leave you with financial stress. To avoid these scenarios, try to plan ahead for as many situations as possible. Determine how many months of financial reserves you have saved to weather a faltering market. Understand what it would cost you should your animals contract and spread a disease. Research the cost of new equipment, fence installations or facility repairs should any of these need replacing.
By informing yourself of the various costs of doing business, you can help mentally and financially prepare your contingency plan and funds for these and other scenarios. Livestock insurance is available in several different forms and can be tailored to your particular operation. You can have each animal covered separately, have them covered under your property insurance or insure them as an entire herd.
The key to sustained success in cattle raising is continuous learning. The cattle industry is constantly changing, improving and looking for ways to become more cost effective while still providing high-quality products. Your ability to stay informed and continue learning and implementing best practices will ensure you develop a thriving business.
A mentor could be someone who is willing to have you shadow them, such as a neighbor or another cattle farmer in your community. Build connections with beef producers, dairy farmers or even other livestock ranchers in your area. Ask them questions about the industry to learn about their challenges and what has made them successful. This research goes a long way into helping you prepare for your own business.
There are a number of trade journals, blogs and newsletters available that monitor industry trends and provide excellent information for beginners and experts alike. Subscribe to these publications and learn about different cattle breeds, farming techniques, operational and management practices, marketing ideas and more. By becoming a subscriber, it ensures you are staying informed regularly. Work With the University: You can choose to develop a personal relationship with them so you can work with them directly. You can also subscribe to their publications, as many universities publish updates about their agriculture programs.
With so many ways to learn more about the cattle raising business, it can even become overwhelming. Schedule time each day or week to devote to your own learning plan. Over time, you will eventually become the expert and be able to pass on your knowledge to a new generation of cattle producers.
Raising Cattle 101: Tips for Beginners
These expert tips and insights are invaluable to anyone starting or planning to start raising cattle for profit. As a business owner, you should feel confident in your ability to select the best breed possible for your local market in order to meet the laws of supply and demand. Raising cattle for profit also comes with an incredible amount of responsibility in caring for the welfare of your animals, including the quality of nutrition they continue to receive. This is all part of learning how to maintain profitability through marketing and management best practices so you can continue to build your business reputation by consistently delivering high-quality products.
Having solid financial plans, as well as solutions to potential challenges that may occur will allow you sustain your success in the cattle raising business. I like that you provided some things that you need to consider when raising cattle for profit such as testing the quality of your soil. It is important to make sure that your soil is rich in nutrients for your cattle or livestock to be healthy.
This way, you would be able to produce cattle that are strong. If I were to raise my own cattle, I would make sure to keep this in mind. My husband has been thinking about taking up the farm life, which I would be in support of. I appreciate the advice here that we should make sure that we are ready for a full-time commitment to this new lifestyle we would be living! Skip to content arrowquip. Here are 10 major areas to consider as part of your business in raising cattle for profit: Learning and knowledge With so many areas to consider when raising cattle for profit, it may seem overwhelming or like it takes the fun out of your dream in the first place.
Choose Your Cattle Breed Choosing the best cattle breed to raise for profit goes well beyond just selecting the ones that sell for the most. Vernon To produce enough forage, an intensive land management system must be in place. Always Protect and Prioritize Animal Health While proper nutrition is critical to raising healthy and productive cattle, there are plenty of other health factors to take into account. Here are some best practices to implement in your cattle raising business: Have veterinarian support Get cattle vaccinated Treat injuries and diseases immediately Have a Veterinarian: Know How to Maintain and Manage Your Facilities A lot of time and preparation goes into establishing a functional, safe and productive cattle raising operation.
When it comes to facility management, here are some tips to consider: Prepare your facilities for your livestock Invest in proper facilities including fences Know the best locations for your water sources and fence lines Prepare Facilities for Livestock: Understand the Physical and Lifestyle Requirements of Cattle for Farming The reality is that cattle raising is a lifestyle.
Here are some physical and lifestyle considerations: Are you prepared for full-time work?
Are you physically fit and active enough for physical farm labor? Does your temperament match that of the cattle breed? Become a Good Marketer Strategic marketing plans are essential to creating a thriving cattle production business.
To become excellent at marketing your cattle business, here are some things to consider: Develop a marketing plan Always be networking Treat your business reputation like gold Use your story as part of your marketing Have a Clear Marketing Plan: Here are some important business operations and management practices to consider: Perform ongoing evaluations and analyses Become excellent at making decisions Work toward optimizing and maximizing farming operations Analysis and Evaluation: Become Excellent at Financial Planning In any business, having a strong financial plan is critical to maintaining profitability.
Here are some things to consider about preparing yourself financially for your cattle raising business: Prepare and monitor budgets Maintain full records for tax purposes Purchase adequate health and liability insurance Understand how to reinvest in your own business Budgeting: Have a Contingency Plan Contingency planning, like financial planning, is a good business practice, especially when raising cattle for profit. To have a well-rounded contingency plan, consider the following questions: Who will take over if you become incapacitated? Do you have a qualified animal sitter who can care for your livestock while you are away?
What financial plans do you have if a disease spreads through your livestock? Are you financially and mentally prepared to handle the ebbs and flows of the cattle market? Implement a Learning Plan The key to sustained success in cattle raising is continuous learning. Here are some ways to implement your own cattle industry learning plan: Develop a working relationship with a mentor or other experienced experts Subscribe to livestock trade journals and newsletters Develop a relationship with your local university agriculture program Find a Mentor: The Business of Raising Cattle for Profit These expert tips and insights are invaluable to anyone starting or planning to start raising cattle for profit.
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How to Raise Cattle: Everything You Need to Know, Updated & Revised by Philip Hasheider
Now is the perfect time to go green! Easy-to-follow advice helps you to: Voyageur Press; 1st edition March 15, Language: Related Video Shorts 0 Upload your video. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Read reviews that mention absolutely nothing book with great great book cows farming business farmer manage raising. There was a problem filtering reviews right now.
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How to Raise Cattle: Everything You Need to Know, Updated & Revised
It is one of the best farming books I've read. Highly emphatical about treating animals humanely and with respect while stressing the fact that farming is still a business. I agree that this is an EXCELLENT book for people who are from urban environments and have never thought about the difference between dairy and beef cows, heifers and steers, why there are good and strong fences to enclose cows. Just never thought about these issues, yet I eat so much beef and dairy, almost every meal.
I had no idea that the life of the cattle farmer is so rife with disaster: The author does have an agenda: He makes beef and dairy consumption sound like it is a completely wholesome, irreproachable system.