Over time however, priests have become more commonplace. Many gurdwaras employ priests to conduct services, while many others are run entirely by members of the local congregation. Tap here to turn on desktop notifications to get the news sent straight to you. Below are five basic facts about Sikhism: Most Sikhs wear one or more of the articles but only Sikhs who have taken amrit, a ritual analogous to baptism, wear all. Kesh , or unshorn long hair, which is protected by a dastaar , or turban. The dastaar is worn by men and some women to cover their long hair.
But most women keep their hair long and uncovered, except for when entering a gurdwara. A kangha is a small wooden comb meant to keep the hair combed twice a day. A kara is an iron bangle to be worn on the hand used most. A kachera is a specific undergarment for men and women. To make it a universal teaching, Guru ji included in it hymns of Muslim saints as well those of low-caste pariah saints who were never permitted to enter various temples.
Sri Darbar Sahib welcomes all without discrimination, which is symbolised by the four doors that are open in four directions.
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Guru ji became the first great martyr in Sikh history when Emperor Jahangir ordered his execution. He was the son of Guru Arjan Dev and was known as a "soldier saint," Guru Hargobind ji organised a small army, explaining that extreme non-violence and pacifism would only encourage evil and so the principles of Miri-Piri were established. Guru ji taught that it was necessary to take up the sword in order to protect the weak and the oppressed. Guru ji was first of the Gurus to take up arms to defend the faith. At that time it was only emperors who were allowed to sit on a raised platform, called a takhat or throne.
10 Gurus of Sikh: Names, Teachings, History
At the age of 13, Guru Hargobind erected Sri Akal Takhat Sahib, ten feet above the ground and adorned two swords, Miri and Piri, representing temporal and spiritual power. He was born in , spent most of his life in devotional meditation and preaching the teachings of Guru Nanak. He always boosted the military spirit of the Sikhs, but he never himself indulged in any direct political and armed controversy with the Mughal Empire.
Guru ji cautiously avoided conflict with Emperor Aurangzeb and devoted his efforts to missionary work. He also continued the grand task of nation building initiated by Guru Hargobind. Guru Har Krishan was the youngest of the Gurus. Installed as Guru at the age of five, Guru ji astonished the Brahmin Pundits with his knowledge and spiritual powers.
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To the Sikhs he proved to be the very symbol of service, purity and truth. The Guru gave his life while serving and healing the epidemic-stricken people in Delhi. The young Guru began to attend the sufferers irrespective of cast and creed. Particularly, the local Muslim population was much impressed with the purely humanitarian deeds of the Guru Sahib and nicknamed him Bala Pir child prophet. Even Aurangzeb did not try to disturb Guru Harkrishan Sahib sensing the sensitivity of the situation, but on the other hand never dismissed the claim of Ram Rai also.
Anyone who invokes Guru Har Krishan with a pure heart has no difficulties whatsoever in their life. He established the town of Anandpur.
Introduction to Sikhism:The Sikh Gurus
The Guru laid down his life for the protection of the Hindu religion, their Tilak devotional forehead markings and their sacred janeau thread. He was a firm believer in the right of people to the freedom of worship. It was for this cause that he faced martyrdom for the defence of the down-trodden Hindus.
So pathetic was the torture of Guru Tegh Bahadur that his body had to be cremated clandestinely a follower burned down his own home to cremate the Guru's body at Delhi while his severed head was secretly taken four hundred kilometers away to Anandpur Sahib for cremation. Because of his refusal to convert to Islam a threatened forced conversion of the Hindus of Kashmir was thwarted.
He created the Khalsa The Pure Ones in , changing the Sikhs into a saint-soldier order with special symbols and sacraments for protecting themselves. After the Guru had administered Amrit to his Five Beloved Ones, he stood up in supplication and with folded hands, begged them to baptize him in the same way as he had baptized them. He himself became their disciple Wonderful is Guru Gobind Singh, himself the Master and himself the disciple.
The Five Beloved Ones were astonished at such a proposal, and represented their own unworthiness, and the greatness of the Guru, whom they deemed God's representative upon earth. He gave the Sikhs the name Singh lion or Kaur princess. He fought many battles against the armies of Aurangzeb and his allies. After he had lost his father, his mother and four sons to Mughal tyranny, he wrote his famous letter the zafarnama to Aurangzeb, in which he indicted the Grand mughal with his treachery and godliness, after which the attacks against the Guru and his Sikhs were called off.
Aurangzeb died soon after reading the letter. Soon, the rightful heir to the Mughal throne sought the Guru's assistance in winning his kingdom. It was the envie and fear of the growing friendship between the new Emperor and the Guru which lead to the sneak attack of the Pathan assasins of Wasir Khan who inflicted the wound which later caused the Guru's death. The Word is the Guru now.
No Sikh ceremony is regarded as complete unless it is performed in the presence of Guru Granth Sahib. The Granth was written in Gurmukhi script and it contains the actual words and verses as uttered by the Sikh Gurus. It is considered the Supreme Spiritual Authority and Head of the Sikh religion, rather than any living person. It is also the only scripture of its kind which not only contains the works of its own religious founders but also the writings of people of other faiths.
Sikhism: 5 Things To Know About The Sikh Religion
The living Guru of the Sikhs, the book is held in great reverence by Sikhs and treated with the utmost respect. Guru Granth Sahib is a book of Revelation. It conveys the Word of the Master through His messengers on earth. It is universal in its scope. The greatness of the Guru Granth Sahib lies not only in its being the Holy Scripture of the Sikhs but also in it being a general scripture available to mankind, intended for everybody, everywhere.
Gurus - We are Sikhs
Above article with thanks to: The above Sikh Guru Family Tree with thanks to: The Sikhs treat this Granth holy book as a living Guru. The holy text spans pages and contain the actual words spoken by the founders of the Sikh religion the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and various other Saints from other religions including Hinduism and Islam.
These dates are based on pre-Nanakshahi calendar resources - Please see Sikh Gurus - Important dates for the update on these dates:. Become a SikhNet Sponsor. Retrieved from " http: Personal tools Create account Log in. Contents 1 Legend of the Ten Sikh Gurus 1. Guru Nanak Dev Ji - Guru from to 1. Guru Angad Dev Ji - Guru from to 1. Guru Arjan Dev Ji - Guru from to 1.
Guru Nanak (1469-1539)
Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Guru Angad Dev Ji. Guru Amar Das Sahib Ji. Guru Ram Das Sahib Ji. Guru Arjan Dev Ji. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.
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Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji.